Public education appeared only about four thousand years ago.But the social evolution of humanity has more than fifty thousand years.Long before there statehood, there were already some norms of human communication, regulation, power management.In science, it is all of these relationships are called mononormami.But what is it?Mononorma - a traditional home regulator, the germ of morality and law.
Mononorma - a single, general rule of conduct for all (or a set of rules and regulations).Pershytz, outstanding Russian historian and ethnologist, has identified the following types of relationships:
1) Family and marriage;
2) the division of labor by gender;
3) the rules of war and hunting;
4) The food division by gender and social hierarchy;
5) resolution of conflicts between the individual members of the community.
Moral primitive man
Mononormy primitive society characterized by the fact that there was no division of rights and responsibilities for the types of norms - moral, religious.Often society governed by certain forms of taboos (prohibitions), which were perceived by prehistoric people as dogma (regulations) emanating from the spirits or gods (supernatural powers).It was mandatory that those rules were fixed magical and religious sanctions.For emerging while the moral and the legal system was characterized by the so-called "totem" form, that is, an animal or plant is declared sacred.Totemism - is the belief that between the tribe and a certain kind of plant / animal, or even a supernatural object relationships.As a result, people were forbidden to kill the animal (or plant pluck).In some ways this mononorma - a primitive prototype of the "Red Book" as the environmental regulator.
And what was that?
Mononorma - a way of regulation, often unconditional, which dates back to ancient times.In prehistoric times among the different methods of exposure to just begin to form society were basically bans.But there was a small proportion of permissions and (permits) are often positive.For example, prohibit incest (incest) and a violation of separation of the functional responsibilities of the tribe / community.At the same time it was allowed to hunt at specific sites on some species.Positive regulation of public relations consisted in naming goals: rationalization of cooking, building houses, making tools and so on.Yet these rules are not isolated from the surrounding human nature.They only contributed to the creation of effective methods of assigning elements of nature (eg, receipt of a fire or the breeding of domestic animals).
How do we know about these controllers?
Primitive man mononorma - it Obshcheplemennaja duty and necessity.Nowadays you can find echoes of these rules and prohibitions in the customs, rituals, myths, and rituals.The custom - the first historical control relationship between the tribes and individual people.It was fixed rituals for centuries developed useful and rational behavior patterns, which are then transmitted down through the generations and reflect the interests of all members of the tribe equally.Customs have changed very slowly, which is in line with the pace of development, which have been standard for the society of those times.Compliance with prescribed rituals was the duty of each individual member of the community, which is then poured into a strong habit.It is indisputable tribal customs became a support for the common interests of members of the tribe, their equality, lack of conflict of interests between.