Guggenheim Museum began its existence nearly a century ago.The first records date back to the first half of the 20th century.Robert Guggenheim was the largest gold mines and tycoon.Moving away from the financial and commercial affairs, he became a patron of the arts, created a foundation and gave him his name.
About the founder
Guggenheim was not considered a great expert in the field of sculpture and painting.However, this did not prevent him be connoisseurs.For the Guggenheim Museum has become one of the most important project of his life.For the selection of the first exhibits, invited the founder of the famous German baroness - art critic and artist Hilla von Ribey Enreynveysen.While time began to appear the first museum in New York.
In 1939 there was the first collection of the Guggenheim.The museum then took a small area.Collection is located in Manhattan.However, the number of exhibits was increasing fast enough, so the required expansion space.For the construction of new premises in 1943 he was appointed chief architect of the famous Frank Wright.The construction of new buildings completed in 1959 mu.At this time there were no survivors of the audio Wright nor Guggenheim.The museum was later completely renovated.In 1992 it was completed the additional elements provided for in the project.As a result, the building began to look like it is now.
today on Fifth Avenue in New York City, between 88th and 89th streets, is one of the greatest masterpieces of architectural art of the 20th century.The futuristic building is an inverted tower.Visitors to the elevator rises to the top floor and viewing the exhibits in a spiral descend.Today the collection of the Guggenheim (museum has more than 6,000 exhibits), in the development of the concept which, together with Baroness von Ribey attended by artists such as Bauer, Kandinsky, Nebel, is considered the world's largest collection of classical modernism.Among the exhibits there are works by Picasso, Miro, Beuys, Rauschenberg, Kandinsky, Rothko, Mark, and other great masters.Guggenheim Museum (New York) and is well-known collection of Hilda and Justin Tannhauzer consisting of works of early modernism, post-impressionism, as well as sculptures and paintings of Katherine Dreier (early avant-garde).
Guggenheim Museum (Bilbao, Spain)
This is one of the branches of the famous store.Museum is located on the bank.Nervión.This branch of the famous staggering collection of contemporary art.However, it can be called a masterpiece of the very building.It is a truly unique and wonderful facility.
The building itself is covered with thin titanium plates.They look like fish scales.Periodically, the plates intersect with glass elements.All the lines are smooth and shaped plastic.Some spill over into other circuits.The whole ensemble has a height of 50 meters and is filled with a variety of water features.The building itself looks like a huge sculpture on the background of the familiar urban landscape.Before the museum has two giant sculptures.One of them - a huge metal spider.Author of the sculpture - Louise Bourgeois.On the terrace, you have a different figure height of 13 meters - the floral artist J. Terrier. Koons.
The building, which houses the museum was built on the draft of the US-Canadian Frank Gehry's master.Visits were made possible in 1997.The construction of the museum almost immediately received the status of the most spectacular buildings in the style of deconstruction in the world.The building embodies the abstract idea of a futuristic vehicle that could be used to travel to other planets.Sometimes the structure is compared to dissolve the rose, artichoke, airplanes, birds and even Superman.The central part has a height of about 55 meters.It resembles a huge metal flower.From him depart petals.They arranged the suite exhibition halls for different exposures.
Since the beginning of July and the end of August (at the very tourist season), the museum is open from 10 am to 8 pm on all days of the week.In other seasons Monday - the day off.The ticket price is 11 euros.Children can visit the museum free of charge.Every year the museum in Bilbao receives about one million visitors.The exhibition presents works of post-modernism and the modernist era.The collection includes a huge amount of work.In fact, none of the direction of the 20th century did not go unnoticed.It should also be said that the museum presents not only the paintings and sculptures.Here you can see a large number of electronic panels, installations and other miracles of modern art.
Features exhibits in the museum exhibitions are constantly changing.But it can be divided in the halls of the building topics.For example, you can highlight areas where the works of abstract and futurists, headed by Kandinsky creation.There is a hall of surrealism.Here you can see paintings of Dali.Masterpieces of Picasso's Cubism presented in the hall.You can also look at the famous prints M. Monroe, Warhol made.Particularly noteworthy sculpture, authored by Richard Seri.They are made of a special weathering steel.Meeting called "Matter of Time".This original collection is a series of abstraktsionistskih works with artistic and philosophical character, a kind of "non-figurative space."The main exhibition features the work performed by the founder of the "color field painting" Mark Rothko.He is a prominent representative of abstract expressionism.It is, by the way, to say that the work of Rothko beat all price records at major auctions.Presented in the museum and the famous collages of Robert Rauschenberg.His work is characterized by saturation, filling;they force to analyze and think.