Russia - the country on whose territory practically all natural landscapes, which are found only on planet Earth.This diversity creates favorable conditions for the development of different areas of agriculture, including for the sheep.After all, these animals are not very demanding on the quality of the pasture, they will approach and arid steppe and semi-desert.Therefore sheep farming in Russia is rather a highly developed and efficient livestock industry.Due to the breeding of these animals people get meat, cheese, wool, milk, lambskin and sheepskin.
to increase profits is very important to have a healthy fertility and rapidly growing population.This can be achieved only through purposeful breeding.Sheep farming in Russia is divided into several areas - coarse, polugrubosherstny, fine-fleeced and polutonkorunnyh.A coarse, in turn, is divided into astrakhan, Fur, mjasosherstnyh, mjasosherstnyh-dairy and myasosalnoe.
emphasis on one or another kind of done, depending on the environmental conditions.For example, in the steppes and polustepyah dominated by fine-wool breed.More humid and mild climate suitable for fine-wool breeds and mjasosherstnyh.Cold and mountain areas provide more favorable conditions for dairy and myasosalno-myasosalnyh coarse wool breeds.Astrakhan sheep breeding is in Russia is concentrated in the arid and semiarid areas.
total in the Central Black Soil region, the Southern Federal District, Volga, North Caucasus and southern Urals were selected over sixty breeds.Sheep farming as a business can fully develop and produce the maximum profit with and closely interconnected breeding plants, farms, breeders, farms, breeding stations and insemination (including artificial).The special breeding plants bred high-yielding breeds of sheep, which are then fed to farm-loudspeakers where selektsioniruyut species lines and types of sheep are engaged in the cultivation of high-quality young animals, which then sell on the farm to replenish the herd, or further dilution.
In some regions, it so happens that only the cultivation of these animals can become the main and sometimes the only type of agricultural use of local pastures, hayfields and fallow lands.Furthermore, sheep in the Russian citizens increases employment and improves their well-being.It is also important environmental component, since their cultivation helps to preserve the natural land resources, to normalize their status through the implementation of the biological cycle of substances, replacing it wild herbivores, almost completely destroyed because of the predatory attitude of the state of natural resources.
particular note is such a breed as fat-tailed sheep.It polugrubosherstny or coarse wool animals myasosalnogo type, which in the area of the sacrum are fat, the so-called rump.They are adapted to living in arid and semiarid regions, unpretentious and can use poor pastures, and kept long transitions.Mass sheep reaches 180 kg and ewes, in some cases, up to 130 kg.
The average figures are for sheep - up to 120 kilograms, for the ewes - 75 kilograms.Rump weigh up to 7 kg, while the record for this indicator - Hissar sheep breed, its weight is 30 kilograms.Milk production output - up to 56%, after feeding the highest - 60%.Shearing reaches an average of 2.2 kilograms of non-uniform coat that can be used in the manufacture of milled footwear, carpets and coarse cloth.