This evergreen coniferous tree, which is a species of the genus pine.Its botanical name - Siberian stone pine.To grow is an evergreen conifer, require seeds (pine nuts).It is prevalent in Western and Eastern Siberia, as well as it can be found in the Urals.
Siberian cedar: description, photos
It has a fairly thick and often MNV crown with massive twigs.Siberian cedar is different brown-gray trunk that is covered with scaly fissured bark (mostly old trees).The peculiarity of this evergreen coniferous tree - whorled branching.He has a very short growing period (40 - 45 days a year), so the Siberian cedar is one of the slow-growing and shade-tolerant species.
shoots and needles of Siberian cedar
They are brown in color and covered with long reddish hair.And they have needles brown and covered with long reddish hair.A conifer has dark green color with a bluish bloom.Its length is 6 - 14 cm. In the context, you can see that it is triangular and slightly jagged.It feels soft enough needles.It grows beams in which five needles.
Features of the root system of Siberian cedar
She presented a short taproot (up to 40 - 50 cm), which grow smaller side, and from them is already moving away from the root hairs developing mycorrhizas on the tips.If the kidney is light in texture and very well drained, then the taproot develop massive anchor roots which penetrate to a depth of three meters.They are combined with basal legs are designed to ensure the sustainability of the crown and trunk.
Micro- and megastrobily Siberian cedar
Considered an evergreen coniferous tree is homed opposite-sex plants (both female and male cones grow on the same tree).Siberian cedar, whose photo has been demonstrated previously, the plant is considered to be anemophilous (pollinated by the wind flows).
Female cones (megastrobily) appear near the terminal bud at the tip of the shoots of growth at a time when their growth has stopped, and the men (microstrobili) - near the base of the shoot.
Kidneys are tapered.They length 6 - 10 mm, not resinous.Their scales are sufficiently long and lanceolate (tapering upwards).Antheral strobila axle have microsporophylls that at the base larger than the top and female cones - covering scales, which are located in the axils and consist of two ovules.
pharmacological properties of Siberian cedar oil
Firstly, it leads to normal blood lipid profile.Secondly, Siberian pine oil lowers cholesterol.Third, it helps get rid of extra kilos.This positive physiological effect is justified by the presence of oil terpenes (unsaturated hydrocarbons).
Siberian cedar: planting and growing his
be planted to a permanent place recommended at about the age of six, when he was a six-foot sapling.If you take a copy of the young, there is a tree, most likely, will take root very painful, and more mature may die.
optimal solution - take the Siberian cedar seedlings from a special nursery where they were grown in compliance with all of the necessary requirements.Preference is given to the best young trees in containers, which closed root system.
Buy seedlings with Siberian cedar is a clod of earth, which should always be moist and should not be exposed roots.To warn them from drying out as quickly as possible to transport the tree to direct their permanent planting.
Landing Siberian cedar is made with regard to the appropriate distance between the trees (8 m).The size of the wells must always exceed (1/3) the volume of the existing root system, and its bottom is recommended to fill the substrate (a mixture of ash, peat, humus soil and the base).Do not make the substrate is much more fertile than the soil as the root system of a young tree for a long time will not leave the limits of their wells.This will lead to the fact that earthworms attract moles, which can cause substantial damage to the root system of cedar.
If seedlings purchased in the container, you should remember that their root system is severely twisted.In this connection can not be planted Siberian cedar with a dirt clod.In this case, you want how to spread as much as possible and freely arrange the roots in the hole.
seedlings need to fix the number of holes at the bottom so that the root collar were on a par with the ground.Next, you need to fill the hole prepared in advance substrate.Then planting Siberian cedar soil compaction procedure finishes and careful watering it (about 4 liters of water per seedling).
Features farming Siberian cedar
specifics of its cultivation expressed the need to meet the needs in this matter, potassium, and control of the content of nitrogen in the soil, an excess of which can significantly slow down the development of the root system of the tree.
Siberian Cedar, as described in detail previously indicated, is able to fully implement the existing his biological potential, but only if the normal lighting of the crown.Only young trees can tolerate shade without harm, as in vivo growth of the territory of taiga mature cedars constantly stay in the sun, and the young - in their shadow.In this regard, all other persons with them in one section of trees should always be lower than the mature cedars.
In the first few years after planting is recommended to carefully eliminate the competing self-sowing conifers.
Siberian stone pine is characterized by aerobic root system (for its development needs constant access to oxygen), so you should provide substantial aerated soil through its mulching (cover the soil with a protective layer).It uses the leaf litter (leaf mold), which helps to improve the mineral nutrition of the roots and protect them from this type of fungi bazidiomitsetovyh as root sponge.
abundant watering Siberian cedar in the dry season is a must.It should also be in the evening to provide constant spraying crowns of young trees to improve the process of gas exchange.
What is the use of seeds of Siberian cedar
can often hear the name of their unscientific, especially in cooking - pine nuts.It is considered highly valuable in terms of the food product.Pine nuts are taken to use as a raw and after heat treatment.
Their use - in a valuable part of.In pine nuts contains a significant amount of phosphatide phosphorus, which is not found in any other nut or seed oil crops.
They also serve a very rich source of lecithin (they are similar in content with a soya).
What nutrients are part of the pine nuts
Siberian cedar seeds in small amounts (100 g) contain the daily needs of the human body in such scarce micronutrients such as zinc, cobalt, manganese and copper, as well as a significant amount of iodine.
In pine nuts contains the following nutrients:
- starch (5.8%);
- dextrin (2.26%);
- glucose (2.83%);
- fiber (2.21%);
- sucrose (0.44%);
- fructose (0.25%);
- tocopherol (33%).
Protein saturated with such scarce and essential amino acids, limiting its biological value as tryptophan, methionine and lysine.
A composition of its nucleus includes:
- fat (55 - 66%);
- proteins, starches, sugars and vitamins (13.5 - 20%).
What is pine resin
Its official name - Siberian cedar resin.Included in it a considerable amount volatile widely used in folk medicine.But the official science is not standing on the sidelines in the process of reviewing its actions.For example, during the Great Patriotic War, all doctors used cedar sap how quickly healing agent.Even turned gangrene stop using it.Subsequently, the Siberian cedar sap acquired the status of an effective drug.
It includes turpentine (30%) and resin (70%).Oleoresin of Siberian cedar, the application of which is overdue and now appears highly remedy, since from it and get turpentine and pine oil, camphor and turpentine balsam.
diseases that are treated with resin under consideration conifer
Healers use the sap to treat:
- skin lesions;
- teeth and the entire oral cavity;
- bronchi and lungs;
- certain types of cancer;
- musculoskeletal system;
- cardiovascular system;
- endocrine system;
- nervous system;
- gastrointestinal tract.
Applications Siberian cedar resin in folk medicine
Zhivitsa indispensable in the treatment of:
- of various wounds.To do this, they poured Siberian cedar resin or sap is applied to the damaged area.
- fractures.In this case, turpentine rub the damaged area, it contributes to the rapid bone has healed.
- boils, ulcers and burns.Initially, resin is softened, and then it is mixed with neutral oil or vaseline.The resulting mixture is applied to the swab and apply to the sore spot.
- Herpes (in its early stages).A cotton swab wetted with a mixture of oleoresin Siberian stone pine and any vegetable oil in a ratio of 1: 1 and it is applied to the affected area for 20 - 25 min.The procedure should be repeated after four hours.
- toothache.In this case, it helps to quickly sap Siberian cedar.Its application as an analgesic is very popular at the moment.This will require a resin to apply to the aching tooth or gum.
- impotence.Pine resin (1 teaspoon) mixed with 0.5 liters of vodka.Then, the resulting mixture should insist for five days certainly in a dark, cool place.The infusion should be periodically stir.After the desired period of its use on the three tablespoons exclusively during a meal and preferably twice per day.
So, we can say that the sap of Siberian cedar, the use of which is very versatile, and effective as an analgesic and anti-bacterial and healing agent.Its medicinal properties are unique and diverse.It has found its application in folk and scientific medicine.The above list is not exhaustive.
What other parts of the Siberian stone pine have healing properties
not only sap of pine wood is widely used for medicinal purposes, but its needles, butter and fresh pine nuts shells.
So, needles cure scurvy, a fresh infusion of shell pine nuts - deafness, nervous disorders, kidney disease and liver, hemorrhoids, and the broth relieves excessive hairiness.
A cedar oil - is a complete source of essential fatty acids.For this purpose, it daily daily dose should be 20 ml.The oil helps reduce cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure, normalization of blood lipid profile and reduce overweight.
If pine nuts crushed, it is possible to use them for the purpose of suppression of gastric secretion (decrease gastric acid, reducing its acidity).Their small amount (100 grams) can meet the daily needs of the human body in the required vitamin E.
Also, it was confirmed the preventive effect of cedar oil with regards to cardiovascular disease, provided it is added to the diet food of appropriate patients.
Siberian cedar as a unique construction material
This tree is unpretentious in processing and has excellent thermal insulation and waterproofing.In the construction aspect of Siberian cedar, a photo which has been demonstrated previously, similar to pine.It is a natural antiseptic, so it does not tend to rot.Houses built of cedar, durable (hundreds of years), and the interior are enriched with volatile production.Its resin and essential oil have a beneficial effect on the health of the owner of the house.
mechanical and physical properties of Siberian cedar
Considered conifer is a rock sound and has a resinous.As mentioned earlier, the strength and physical properties is approximated to pine.Siberian cedar is easily workable and soft wood.It has a pleasant smell and has the resonance properties, which leads to its use as a material for making guitars, harp and piano.