What is an adverb?Adverb (eng. "Adverb"; the term was borrowed from the Latin term "adverbium") - part of speech, meaning the sign of activity, a sign of another sign, in rare cases - a sign of the object.
One of the features of this part of the speech - immutability.While still in school are taught that the word search answers the question "how?", "Where?" "Where?" "When?", "For what purpose?", "Why?", "To what extent?"and some others.The above questions is very simple adverbs help determine whether the word belongs to this part of the speech.
The formation of dialects called adverbializatsiey.The adverb may refer to a verb and its forms, noun, adjective, or another adverb:
1. He lives here pretty fun.
2. They live in a new way.
3. labor is always neat.
4. Today acrobats on tour here, and tomorrow sent to the village.
What is an adverb, is understandable, but there is a new question: why are they so different and respond to different questions?The fact that this part of the speech may indicate different attributes.Adverb indicating a sign of activity, if adjacent to the verb, as well as a gerund.It points to a definite sign of the object, if adjacent to the noun.Finally, the adverb is a sign indication if standing next to an adjective, participle, another adverb.
To better understand what an adverb, remember its syntactic functions.In the sentence the following words in most cases, are the circumstances.In some cases, they can act as predicates.As a rule, the sentence adverb serves
circumstances, if it is related to a verb, an adjective, another adverb.
adverbs form a separate group of words that do not give the name of
basis, but only show it.It pronominal adverbs (examples below).They are, except for the main purpose for communication used in the text sentences.They are divided into groups such as:
- Demonstrative (here, there, there, then, from there).
- Undefined (somewhere, in some places, off somewhere).
- question (how, where, why).
- Negative (nowhere, nowhere, nowhere, never).
On value adverbs are two categories: adverbial and attributive.
To the first category belong:
- adverbs of time (when? Since when? How long?).
example: always keeps, long known to wander until dark for a long time is approaching;
- adverbs of place (where? How? Where?).
example: run ahead, to conduct there, come from afar;
- adverbs reason (why? Why would the? Why? Why?).
example: strike rashly, reluctant idol;
- adverbs purpose (why? C what purpose?).
example: miss on purpose, to say derisively, encounter special.
By attributive belong:
- adverbs of degree and measure (how much? What extent? How?).
example: work hard, twice as agile, too shrill, slightly increase;
- Adverbs of manner and mode of action (shows what kind of way, or the action takes place).
example: walking distance, to destroy pieces, look askance;
- qualitative adverbs (note action feature or property).
example: safely answer quickly come tearing, somehow perform excited twinkling star.
Thus, the question "What is the adverb" has a very simple answer: it's another part of speech in the Russian language, which answers the question "how?", "When?" And others, performing the function of the circumstances in the sentence.