What words suffixed -chik-, -schik- you know?Respond to this question will be able to almost everyone.Although there are some people who are confused about the setting data morpheme.In this regard, article submission, we have decided to devote this particular topic.
nouns with the suffix -chik- often used in a letter to a morpheme as -schik-.It should be noted that it is a gross error.After all, there are strict rules in the Russian language, which directly indicates in which case you should write the letter "h", and in which - "u."
how to write and say, "perepisschik" or "scribe"?Not everyone knows the correct answer to this question.However, experts say that such a lexical unit has a suffix -chik-.Consequently, the need to correctly write "scribe."Although during the pronunciation is necessary to use only the first option.
As you can see, -chik- suffix and suffix -schik- can quite easily cause a lot of doubts about their writing in the text.That's why experts recommend to remember the rule of the Russian language, which explains the choice of a particular morpheme.For those who do not know, I imagine it right now.
If the stem nouns ending in consonants such as "t", "g", "d", "c" and "z", after they are required to write only the suffix -chik-.To this rule has become more obvious, give a few illustrative examples:
- a cab;
- machine gunner;
- helicopter pilot;
- transmitters and so on.
As you can see, most of the presented word for certain professions.With suffix -chik- also used such lexical units that make up the names of persons as belonging to a particular place of residence and nationality.It is important to remember
Now you know what the Russian language there is a word with the suffix -chik- (examples of words were presented above).However, the correct spelling of said lexical units need to know not only the above rule.After all, quite a large number of people committing such errors as:
- distribution -chik- + suffix will be "razdachchik";
- tavern -chik- + suffix will be "kabakchik";
- production -chik- + suffix will be "dobychchik" and so on.
It should be noted that this is the wrong word formation.However, in this regard in the Russian language has its own rule, which reads as follows: before the suffix -chik- letters like "p", "k" and "ch" are replaced with the letter "t".Here is a vivid example:
- dispensing -chik- + suffix will be "distributors";
- Kabakov -chik- + suffix will be "publicans";
- extraction -chik- + suffix will be "miners" and so on.
In some cases, put the suffix -schik-?
Now you know that in some cases it is necessary to write the word with the suffix -chik-.However, in the Russian language are often encountered such lexical units, which use morpheme -schik-.As in the previous case, a suffix may be placed in the nouns that form a name of males who have this or that profession, engage in certain occupations, as well as belonging to any nationality or place of residence.
-schik- morpheme is also written in the case of a noun ends with a basis other consonants other than vyshepredstavlennyh ("t", "g", "d", "c" and "z").Here is a vivid example:
- a trailer;
- lamplighter, and so on.
As mentioned above, the word with the suffix -chik- written in if the foundation of a noun ends with the following letters: "r", "g", "d", "c" and "z".Then begs the question of why some lexical units used morpheme -schik-, even if its base is at the end of the letter "t".It should be noted that this is not a word-exception, only foreign-language form.
Thus, some lexical units that have moved in the Russian language with the foreign, can be formed by adding the suffix -schik-, even if at the end of a noun is the letter "t".But this is only if foreign words ending in two consonants.Here is a vivid example:
- percent - percenter;
- asphalt - asfaltSchIK and others.
Should we put "soft sign"?
On when the written word with the suffix -chik-, and when suffix -schik-, we found out.However, during the writing of nouns often arises a question whether you want to put a sign in front of a soft morpheme -schik-?After all, quite a large number of people often write words presented as follows:
- fonarschik and so on.
What is the reason?The fact is that according to the "u" is a soft letter, and it softens the sound so often that some people write to her "s".However, it is wrong.Indeed, in the Russian language, and in this respect there is his rule.It states that the soft sign should be written in the names of nouns only after the "l".Here is a vivid example:
- planer and so on.
word with the suffix -chik- should be written only if the basis of the noun ends in such letters as "t", "g", "d", "c" and "z".But how then to explain the spelling of lexical units as Kalachik, sofa, the key building block of boy, finger, cucumber chair, ball and so on.?The fact that all the words presented suffix appears not -chik- and -ik-.As for the letter "h", then it is either separate suffix or included in the root.That is why these lexical units are not subject to the above rules.Moreover, this morpheme is alternating (-IR - / - ek).And in order to check its spelling should decline the basic word.Thus, the suffix -ek- put in those lexical units, with the decline of which vowel "e" falls.Here is an example:
- granddaughters - granddaughter;
- svistochek - whistles;
- bell - bell;
- ogonёchek - ogonёchka;
- leaf - leaf;
- knife - knife;
- stebelёchek - stebelёchka;
- lump - lump;
- son - son;
- hammer - a hammer;
- flower - flower and so on.
Regarding the suffix -ik-, it is written in those words, with the decline which the letter "i" is stored.Here is an example:
- sofa - settee;
- boy - a boy;
- Kalachik - up;
- cucumber - cucumber;
- brick - brick;
- key - key;
- chair - stool;
- finger - finger;
- face - little face;
- ball - a ball, and so on.