Agriculture in Eastern Siberia

Agricultural Eastern Siberia is represented by agro-industrial complex, which include animal husbandry, crop production, various types of crafts and fishing.Two-thirds of agricultural land accounts for hayfields and pastures, so there is a thriving cattle breeding.In addition, in Tuva, Buryatia and the Chita region developed mjasosherstnyh sheep and beef cattle.In agriculture, the Eastern Siberia is occupied by a quarter of the working population in the region.Agriculture is specialized in cereals: oats, barley, spring wheat and fodder crops.

Agriculture Western Siberia is different because of different climatic conditions of the crop industry in Eastern Siberia.This region plays a leading role herding, trapping and fishing, as in the tundra and forest zones of the area conditions for agriculture are extremely unfavorable.But the south of Western Siberia is one of the main grain-growing areas of the country;It also bred sheep, cattle and poultry.Altai Mountains specializes in addition to sheep reindeer antlers, as well as the breeding of yaks and goats.

Geography agriculture dictates different conditions and priorities in the directions of the activity.Agriculture in Eastern Siberia provides its products, sometimes even recycled, not only their region, but also elsewhere in the country.

main agricultural area of ‚Äč‚Äčthis region belongs to the sub-taiga and forest-steppe landscapes, and sometimes coincides with the industrial band stretching along the Trans-Siberian Railway.Agriculture in Eastern Siberia is the main farming areas is in this geographic band.

basic grains (75%) there is wheat.Selection of other cultivated crops determined by the characteristics of natural climatic conditions.For nebolshoy snow in winter makes it possible to plant winter crops, therefore, basically, all acreage in the region occupied by spring crops.Agriculture in Eastern Siberia on their main areas differs significantly from the Western Siberia because of uniqueness climate, and even rye is cultivated in this region as a unique form - yaritsy.

From well developed agricultural zone to the south and north stretch the regions where agriculture Eastern Siberia specializes in animal husbandry.Provision of livestock in the region is much higher than in other areas, as well as the country.

It is mostly developed for meat and dairy and beef cattle.In addition, some areas of Eastern Siberia and specialize in fine-wool sheep polutonkorunnyh (especially in Buryatia and the Chita region).In addition, in some areas of Yakutia conducted drove breeding of horses.There palatability horsemeat valued significantly higher beef and mare's milk is a traditional drink of the Yakuts.

Reindeer husbandry is well developed in the far north of Eastern Siberia.

Besides livestock, an abundance of rivers and lakes in the region make it possible to expand fisheries, and open spaces of the East Siberian taiga allowed to develop hunting and the fur trade.But for the rehabilitation and restoration of reserves of flora and fauna requires a strictly scientific approach to these types of crafts, and in this respect a major role is given to biogeography.

in agriculture in Eastern Siberia Equally important is the wealth of the flora of this region: plant resources are presented with berries, mushrooms and pine nuts.This kind of fishing is an important part in the life of the local population, not only agriculture, but also urban.After all, during the ripening of pine nuts, many residents of the region going into the taiga to collect cones, which can last from two weeks to a month.