Rationing of labor - it is a tool in the field of personnel management.It is used to determine the desired results and the labor required number, the ratio of the number of employees and Mezhuyev they serve equipment, personnel of various categories.Its importance is great, as in any business people - the main resource, which usually determines the final result.Rationing of Labour provides several ways of measuring.Their use is conditioned by the specific conditions of production and its purpose.
In particular, there are rules of service time, development, population, the ratio.The first type - is the duration of the performance of any operation or manufacture of the product (in minutes, hours, etc.).The second - the number of equipment which can cater for some time and research (number of people).The rate of development - the amount of work that needs to be done in an hour or shift.
If you want to determine the number of employees of a specific professional qualification structure, necessary to carry out certain activities or functions, use the fourth kind.Rationing of labor also helps to determine the optimal ratio of managers, workers, professionals (five species).In this direction, it may also be governed by the number of subordinates per one head.
Rationing of labor allows you to set specific (quantifiable) goals for the shift.A certain amount, which must comply with the people for what they are, as a result, and will receive remuneration.Do personnel at this time wage - normalized job at pieceworkers - work orders.The use of this tool has a positive effect on the efficiency of labor and rational distribution of responsibilities.
All rules can be divided into technical and comprehensively informed, experimental statistics.Experimental statistics obtained on the basis of historical data for a certain period, they do not always exactly correspond to the organizational and technical conditions in a particular place, where they plan to use.Technical regulation of labor applies analytical methods, in this case, the result is more accurate and allows you to identify all the reserves of production.Complex grounded into account the impact of all factors affecting the result of the work: organizational, social, physiological, legal, sanitary, economic, etc.
Rationing of labor also affects the legal aspects.They are stipulated in Section 22 of the LC RF.In particular, there is a specific law for the introduction, replacement and revision of standards, which includes notification of workers, the creation of organizational and technical conditions, training.The reason for these processes are changes in the production, directly or indirectly affecting the labor process.The rules must be changed in the event of hardware upgrades, equipment, tools, introduction of advanced technologies, automation, rationalization and mechanization of operations, improving the organization of workplaces.