Tradition - is embodied in social stereotypes historically a group experience, which accumulates and is reproduced in society.It is necessary to distinguish the concept of art, which is more than an individual creative activity.By tradition a certain team of individuals inherited the knowledge required for their development and even survival.That is, this term can be interpreted as a mechanism of collective communication.Experts identify the main types of traditions: folk (ethnic), social, national, religious and cultural.
origin of the term
all known word "tradition" for many is quite clear sense.If we talk about the literal translation, the Latin term means "transfer".
Initially, the concept of "tradition" is used only in the literal meaning and denotes the action.The ancient Romans used it in the case when they had to give someone a material object or to marry the daughter.Subsequently, the material things on the backburner, they pushed transferred skills.Thus, the meaning of the word "tradition", or rather, its semantic range, indicates the main difference from anything that could be subsumed under the concept.Tradition - this is something that does not belong to a particular individual, as transmitted from the outside.The derivative value is associated with all that is associated with long past that irreversibly lost its novelty, and always symbolic stable.A strict adherence to the customs of many eliminates the need to make sense of their own situation and make a decision.
Traditions and society
Each new generation, receiving at the disposal of some traditional set of samples does not accept and assimilate them in finished form, it inadvertently carries out their own interpretation.It turns out, the company chooses not only his future coming, but sunk into oblivion the past.Social groups, and society as a whole, selectively taking some elements of the social heritage, while rejecting others.Therefore, social traditions may well be both positive and negative.
the whole tradition - the so-called cultural element, which occurs in one generation, and is transmitted from ancestors to descendants, persisting for a long time.It is certain norms, rules of behavior, rituals, procedures to be followed.Considering together with the term definition of the word "heritage", it can be said that the concepts are almost identical.
Speaking of traditions, it is the rules that appear in almost everything.This concerns not only clothes, style and overall behavior, they appear in the movements, gestures and other elements that are available in the psychology of people.Similar concepts and manifestations are very important for a person, since they are able to trigger the mechanism of the unconscious in a man who is able to clearly define the line "their" and "foreign".
National traditions - a phenomenon that has emerged as a result of life of every people and nation, adjustable functions in the human mind.In other words, the regulation takes place in family life, in communication, behavior.Traditions have their own characteristics, and it is highly resistant, continuity and even stereotyped.They are characterized by long-term factor, which is the regulator of social phenomena.
modern attitude towards cultural traditions
diversity of traditions in most countries sometimes simply amazing.The fact that certain people is the norm of everyday life in another country may often be perceived as a personal insult.You could say that tradition is one of the fundamental things in the cultures of different countries.So if you have decided to relax in some exotic country, you must first become familiar with its customs, in order not to get into an awkward position.For example, in Turkey, one of the most important traditions is considered to be a need to remove their shoes when entering a home in the church.More in any case should not be denied in the proposal to have a cup of tea, it can be perceived as an insult.
not just a set of rules
cultural traditions - is not just a set of rules of etiquette, it's a definite sense flow directed to ensure that show the depth of the history of a country, it is the values embodied for centuries, passed down from generation to generation in order to maintain andidentifying the unique mentality of its inhabitants.For example, countries where Buddhism is widespread believe that touching a person's head is unacceptable, because it inhabits the human soul.Tragically, in many countries traditional ceremonies went, so to speak, out of fashion and lost its value due to technological progress.I would like the interest in the preservation of their culture lost its relevance in any corner of the world.
word "tradition" is a feminine noun, if necessary, it can be replaced by the concept of custom abutment (masculine nouns), heritage, tradition (noun neuter).Instead of a single term can be used the phrase with the word "wrong", for example: so happened since opened .The writers, and not only they, traditionally called unwritten laws.One of the most unusual of synonyms in the Russian language to this noun is the word "Itihasas", which means "it was so."Most sources define a synonym for the word "tradition" in several different ways in which, in addition to the above, the lead norms established, used, value .An interesting option is the use of the word "hashar" (a term long since entered the Turkish and Tajik languages, and means "joint work").
Religion also has its own traditions, which makes it the spiritual and cultural treasure trove.Religious traditions are a combination of stable forms and methods of worship of the gods (God).Each of the existing on the ground of religion cherishes and strongly supports its tradition, but more often in every religion there are several traditions, for example: Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism - in Christianity, Shiites and Sunnis - in Islam, Mahayana and Hinayana - Buddhism.The religious traditions of the East practice a certain technique works with both the body and the consciousness, which is aimed at enlightenment, that is,obtaining very high states of human consciousness.Christian religious traditions include church attendance, prayer, confession and reverence for religious holidays.The most famous festivals are Easter, Christmas, Epiphany, Pentecost, Ascension, Annunciation.Also, not all traditions are respected, if only because, in the digital age people are not as pious as their ancestors were.Now very few people at the banquet table asks harvest or rain.Just the holiday has become another occasion to gather the whole family.
Without the past there is no future
Tradition - a legacy that unshakable authority, they meekly accepted and transmitted in accordance with the fact that the departed ancestors - "carriers" - have a thorough voice in the lives of their heirs - "followers."