nuclear facilities in Crimea actively built during the Soviet era.But after the collapse of the Union, many of them closed, and later dismantled them looters.The Soviet legacy - a huge number of non-performing projects in Russia and the former Soviet republics.Abandoned objects Crimea attracted diggers, tourists and fans to tickle your nerves.
reasons for the construction of a large number of nuclear facilities
Because of its border location of Crimea has always been at the center of military research.During Soviet times, after the start of the Cold War, the government tried to protect the state.
Since the world political arena reigned very tense and there was a real threat of a nuclear strike on the part of America, in the Crimea have begun large-scale construction sites for different purposes: from shelters to store atomic weapons.Also, the industry began to develop in Crimea.
Unfortunately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, most of these facilities were abandoned for various reasons.Russia's nuclear facilities are in the best condition.
Crimean nuclear station
Crimean nuclear power plant has not been completed.It is located on the Kerch Peninsula, near the town of Shelkino, on the shores of the salt reservoir Aktashskoe.He planned to use as a cooling pond.
With this nuclear power would provide electricity to the entire peninsula of Crimea, as well as to initiate the further development of the industry.In our time working nuclear power station would be very useful when the Zaporizhzhya NPP is on the other side of the border is not very friendly country.
Building started here in 1975, together with the construction of a satellite town Shelkino.City decided to call in honor of Shchelkin Kirill Ivanovich, who was an eminent nuclear physicist.Young city populated by young specialists - nuclear scientists and experienced workers operating nuclear power plants in Ukraine.
very construction of the station began only in 1982.Construction was carried out according to a strict schedule, the first launch was planned in 1989, but the station has not earned.In 1987, the project frozen.The reasons are many, the most important of them - is the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.The media began to report that all nuclear power plants - nuclear hazardous objects, it is dangerous to use such fuel is unacceptable to build a new plant, in particular Crimea.In addition to these reasons there was another - an unfavorable location of the geological point of view.
In the year of the alleged launch of the project has been fully closed.The case went to the collapse of the Soviet Union, therefore, is almost ready Crimean NPP remained unattended than looters took advantage of all stripes.
nuclear power plant began to plunder and take away on ferrous and nonferrous metals.Today it remains one of only a frame and it just attracts tourists and filmmakers.However, like all the abandoned nuclear facilities in the Crimea and Sevastopol, the NPP is destroyed not only because of the looters, but also under the influence of the environment and of time.
«Object 221" - the largest tank in the Crimea.It was planned to place the command of the Black Sea Fleet in the event of a nuclear attack.In all, he has four underground floors, the depth of which two hundred meters, and three of them are available only in the presence of climbing equipment.
Inside the bunker everywhere striking image of the radiation plate.There - metal hatches that close passages kilometers of mines and a huge room for a nuclear reactor.
Entrance to the hopper located in the mountain, "target" and disguised as a house.Even the windows are painted for plausibility.At the top of the mountains, a waveguide exits and ventilation shafts.Looking at him, you know that the Soviet leadership refers to the possibility of aggression from their enemies very seriously.
Visit the bunker is not recommended because of the many technical passages, in which it is easy to get lost, abandoned and dangerous elevator shafts.Also, inside the object humidity, which creates a favorable climate for the development of micro-organisms such as mold, which can lead to necrosis of the lungs.
underground city began to develop long before he was interested in the military.They showed interest in him only in the 30s of XX century.Basically underground rooms used as storage of food and ammunition.
When there was a nuclear threat, the government conceived a grand in its scope of the project.Still recovering from the Second World country began to prepare for a new war.According to the plan IVStalin, on the surface of every building must have had a double underground.And in the case of nuclear war, people would just come down to a few tens of meters down and continued to live and work normally.
plan was very complicated, and by 1953 the underground of Sevastopol was not even half built.At that time, Khrushchev came to power and throws all the forces and resources on the development of missile development and nuclear submarines.As a result, the project is frozen to the underground city and never returned to it is not.
Only a few buildings were suitable as a refuge and put into operation.About other facilities, little is known.Secrecy disappeared as if they had never existed: Inputs walled and drawings burned.Other areas simply abandoned.
assumed that all the rooms are connected, but the city was not completed, many stayed autonomous.
Storage of nuclear weapons
nuclear facilities in the Crimea in the middle of the XX century were built very active and with the latest technology.Storage of nuclear weapons was built in 1955 near the Krasnokamenka.This is one of the first central storage of nuclear weapons.The place was not chosen by chance: the valley, hidden from prying eyes by mountain ridges.Storage is a tunnel more than two kilometers in length, pierced in the mountain Kiziltash.According to specialists, the ammunition will remain intact even if the close explosion of a nuclear warhead.
first atomic bomb in the store are picked by hand, without any protection for workers, except alcohol.
Secrecy is very strictly enforced.On the object 76 can be accessed only with special permits.Everywhere, there were warning signs, and the perimeter of the store has been fenced with barbed wire.But, on the one hand, the name Krasnokamenka can be found on the map, and in the passport locals could mean "Theodosius-13."
In the 94th year, signed an agreement with the United States and the Ukraine, Russia has carried all the contents of the object into its territory.
Balaklava ("Object 825")
Until 1957 it was a town, and now - a part of Sevastopol.After the end of World War II this place was absent from the charts.In its place it has an indoor submarine base, nuclear weapons arsenal.She was in a rock shelter, which is a tunnel, and is able to withstand a nuclear attack.For the object of the conspiracy was called repair and technical base.
It was not only the storage of nuclear ammunition, but also an underground plant to repair submarines.
Construction of the base took only four years: from 1957 to 1961-th-th.In this underground channel harbor were once seven diesel submarines, and if necessary, can accommodate several thousand people.
Now "Object 825" is open to all comers, and turned into a museum of submarines and ships.
between Cape Aya Balaklava was the secret coastal missile system.Since the 50s and up to the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was he who controlled the Black Sea.
underground complex was completely independent in the event of prolonged hostilities and had an additional protective shell of atomic weapons.
Construction of the facility was carried out from 1954 to 1957.Gun mounts underground missile system shot down any target within 100 meters.During the construction meant that the enemy will attack from Turkey.While complex beat the enemy, the Black Sea Fleet command could assemble and deploy their forces.
For that time, "Sotka" was equipped with the latest technology.In 1964 and 1982, carried out the reconstruction and upgrading to new types of missiles.
In 1996, "Weaving" was handed over to Ukraine, as well as many nuclear facilities in the Crimea.His Government was canned.First, the object protected, but by 2005 there was no one there, and the whole complex was dismantled for scrap.
Polygon number 71, or the airport "Bagerovo" - an object that can take all types of aircraft.It is also a spare runway for the space shuttle "Buran", which is still preserved in good condition.
main functions of the landfill was bombing from fighter aircraft in the mode of nuclear explosions, "non-nuclear" bomb test in conjunction with the fighters.Hazardous waste buried in the desert between the towns and Bagerovo Chistopole.The cemetery, which is called Bagerovsky exists to this day, gathering lots of rumors and innuendo.
Airfield located near the Kerch - 14 kilometers.Construction was carried out from 1947 to 1949.
now live in the village four and a half thousand people.Most of them are former soldiers and their families.
In 70-80s Regiment in Bagerovo was a training base for college navigators.Later he played the role of training and retraining of pilots from all over the Soviet Union.Recent graduates went to Russia in 1994.Since 1996, the airport does not operate.But in 1998 a military unit disbanded.The landfill was abandoned as almost all nuclear facilities in the Crimea.
Novofedorivka located at the airport.It was built in 80-ies of XX century for training and testing of new models of aircraft carriers and for the training of pilots before take-off and landing on an aircraft carrier.
Landfill reproduces three-deck aircraft carrier with all necessary devices such as a springboard, retention and other networks.A basic trainers are underground.
Training nuclear reactor in the city of Sevastopol
nuclear industry of the Crimea is represented by only one reactor, which is located on the territory of Sevastopol State University of Nuclear Energy and Industry.He stopped in 2014 because of the Crimea to Russia.To use the training reactor requires a license, which the university is available only on the territory of Ukraine, and to work in Russia has not been received.Therefore, at the moment the reactor is not functioning.The facility is built and put into operation in 1967.