unions in the Russian language, and other language groups are considered by the official parts of speech that are needed to connect the components in a complex sentence, in homogeneous terms of the offer, as well as specific proposals in one text.
In the Russian language in the class unions and allied words are those words that are responsible for the communication syntax in a sentence or word form.Unlike prepositions exercising official functions in the unity of case with nouns forms, this part of the speech, not only has nothing to do with the grammatical form connected words, but generally indifferent to their belonging to any part of speech.The same union word can be connected as nouns (for example, « I have a father and mother »), and verbs (« boy sings and dances »), adjectives (« girl beautiful and intelligent »), adverbs, and even the words that belong to different parts of speech.The only condition is the coincidence of their syntactic functions - for example: « write beautifully and without error» .
Many conjunctions not only have to communicate how to identify and specify it.This is one of their distinctive capabilities, which have no excuses.The last of case inflection to not only detect the connection, but at the same time it is formed.
unions not only are not considered members of the offers - they do not change.By origin they are divided into derivatives - for example, to, though, which can be traced sposoboobrazovatelnuyu connection with the momentous words, the data from which alliances were formed.Other species are derivative unions, which are not related by birth in today's Russian with other parts of speech.It unions or, yes, and.
And according to the method of use are the following forms:
- recurring or single - however, but;
- twin or double, for example, like ... and if ... then;
- repetitive - it and ... and no ... no.
Based on the structure, unions are divided into simple, which are written without spaces - and because , and compound - while since .
The nature expressed through them syntactic relations are coordinative and subordinating conjunctions.
coordinative types combine equal components - such as parts of a complex sentence.
On the value coordinative allied words are:
- connection that express the attitude of the transfer - yes, and, too, and ... and, as such;
- adversative expressing the attitude of opposition - however, but, rather, the same;
- dividing expressing the attitude of mutual exclusion - or ... or, or, ... it is;
- annotations, which express the ratio explanation - as what it is;
- connecting expressing the ratio of connection - and also, and.
their other variety - subordinating conjunctions - designed to show the relationship of one component from another, connecting mainly units of a complex sentence.Sometimes they are used in simple sentences for non-uniform and homogeneous members.
For example, subordinating conjunctions though, as though, like, nothing.
book laced, although very interesting. In this example, bind homogeneous terms of the proposal.
winter day is shorter than the night.The lake is like a mirror. As you can see, subordinating conjunctions connect any of the sentence.They can be both homogeneous and heterogeneous.
Compound Individual unions are used in such cases when there is a major and a few clauses.This, for example, the following words: who, where, how, who, whose, where, how, where, why, what, how much .
to the parameter values of subordinating conjunctions are the following ranks:
- causal - because, because, because ;
- time - when, just until barely;
- target - to that, so ;
- conditional - if, if only, if;
- izjasnitelnyh - like that so;
- concessive - despite the fact that;although;
- comparison - as if, just as if, what;
- investigation - so.