Without exception, all the languages of the world, there are both orally and in writing.At the same time, both forms are characterized by certain lexical, grammatical and stylistic rules (punctuation, and pronouncing aktsentologicheskie norm).Thus, the oral form is subject to the rules of pronouncing and writing - and even punctuation rules.
Orthoepy called the doctrine of the rules of pronunciation of sounds and words, as well as the formulation of stress.It aktsentologicheskie rules of the Russian language and are the subject of this article.
not a secret for anybody that the correct pronunciation of literature is one of the most important indicators of the overall human development.Correct pronunciation and competent in importance is not inferior to the correct spelling.Nowadays, you can learn to speak properly due to the large number of literature, not to mention the study of the main rules of the school.
What is aktsentologicheskie rules and why they are needed?Someone once said: "If you take away from the words of the accent, the word will disappear;if you say the word with the wrong accent, it will lose its meaning. "
Accents called the selection a certain syllable in the composition of words.In Russian, the stressed vowel sound emit intensity, duration and pitch motion.Among the main features of stress in Russian language:
- mobility, which means - the emphasis is not fixed;
- the presence of stylistically colored and professional types of pronunciation number of words;
- aktsentologicheskih presence of several options;
- fluctuations in the formulation of stress;
- stress in their own names.
Consider some aktsentologicheskie standards for more specific examples.
There are a number of languages in which the emphasis is fixed.As an example, the French language, where the accent falls on the last syllable.Russian stress, in turn, and it is free and can be moved depending on the grammatical form of the word (the game - game).Because of the presence of such a move may occur a couple of words, where in one of them the emphasis is normative, and in another - Elementary.(for example, a compass - a compass, a spark - a spark, etc.).
Miscellaneous accent also had words that belong to different speech styles (portrait, neutral).Thus, the neutral word "Maiden" is opposed to national poetic "maidens."It is important to remember that professional and vernacular words are not normative and aktsentologicheskie norms of literary language are not covered.
In the Russian language is also a word that is called aktsentologicheskimi options.They have a double emphasis, however, is often one of the options is more preferred.For example, a pair of "cottage cheese" - "cottage cheese", where both options are correct, but the former is preferred.
Some words of the Russian language there are fluctuations in the production of stress.Among these words: "denim - Denim", "on the wave - on the wave" and others.Nevertheless, in the majority of nouns regulations considered only one option (deliberately, refinement, carpenters, hair dryer and many others).
Do not forget about the correct pronunciation of proper names.This applies to more well-known names such as Salvador Dali, Picasso, Peru.There are also a number of names, in which the emphasis variably (Newton - Newton).
Some words of foreign origin the emphasis depends on the origin of the word.
The verbs that end in -irovat, more productive is an option with the impact I. In words that have come into the Russian language only in the last century, the emphasis is mainly falls on the last syllable.For comparison, Block - labeled.
Aktsentologicheskie rules also determine the change in emphasis depending on the meaning and grammar.With accents distinguish homonyms.
Thus orthoepy and Accentology play a huge role in the Russian language and literacy show a man and his profession, habitat and more.Speak correctly!