Red Book of the Vologda region was founded March 29, 2004 decision of the Government.This was done in order to provide protection and to withdraw from economic activity in the region of animals and plants are threatened with extinction and disappearance.For their species, subspecies and populations observed and develop measures for their restoration and preservation.
Printed Red Book of the Vologda region at least once per decade.The sequence of publication and distribution is established by the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of the region in coordination with the Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources.
From what volume is
Red Book of the Vologda region is divided into sections and groups of flora and fauna.It consists of several volumes:
- Volume One - on areas that require special protection.
- Volume Two - of plants and fungi.Tom
- third - of the animals.
Each contains lists already extinct and still endangered.Hazardous downsizing or distribution, as well as the deterioration of the conditions of existence of a rare type of animal, plants, birds, serve as the basis for entering it in the book and the immediate adoption of measures for its restoration and conservation.To date, all published two volumes: the second and third.Print the first volume scheduled after clarify the boundaries of protected areas.
Red Book of the Vologda region - a reference, which are included:
- Plants and fungi - 294 species (bryophytes, vascular, algae, lichens, fungi).
- animals - 153 species (arthropods, mollusks, bony fish, lampreys, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals and birds).
is mandatory entered into the Red Book of the field plants and animals, which are included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, namely those that live on the territory of the Vologda region.Such species recorded just 45. They were being closely monitored and, if necessary, to protect them.
Animals and Plants of the Red Book of the Vologda region, whose photos can be seen on its pages, without exception, are included in the list of categories.There are only five:
1. Type the creatures that are dying and require surgical intervention for their protection and restoration.
2. Vulnerable species that reduce their numbers in the Vologda region.
3. Rare species.
4. Not certain status.
5. Zero category.It recorded extinct species.In nature, they do not meet, but they said the Red Book of the Vologda region.Animals (photos are shown in the article), birds, plants, insects, all kinds of mushrooms can be, if desired, can be studied in detail in the directory.
fauna of the area is rich in a variety of mammals, 48 species of them there.That is not a complete list of animals listed in the Red Book: muskrat, bats (left brown, common noctule, lesser noctule, pond bat, etc.), forest lemmings, voles, garden dormouse and reindeer.
largest forest mammal is a bison.The weight of his body (mostly males) reaches thousands of kilograms.Adult height - about two meters.Wool grows larger on the front part of the body than at the rear.Color - brown-brown or gray-brown.The bison diet consists of leaves, tree bark, young shoots.He moved fairly quickly and easily, despite the powerful physique.A favorite activity of this large animal - riding in the dirt, but it does not take a mud bath, such as wild boar.In the Vologda region bison appeared in 1991.
also the largest mammal is a moose.In the Vologda region of these animals can be found everywhere - from forest rivers, marshes and lakes, where a lot of shrubs and aspen.This beautiful animal weighing nearly five hundred kilograms has a length of three meters and a height of two meters.Learn elk can be of powerful stature, short neck, and large horns (in males), as well as the strong legs.The coat of the animal is rough, long and quite thick.
Red Book includes a huge number of animals, and it is simply impossible to list all.These animals are dying because of the person.That we create environmentally contaminated environment for their habitat.Forests are cut down, dried rivers and lakes, to hunt them down.
Red Book of the Vologda region: birds
manual page, you can see birds such as the red-and black-throated diver (it migratory birds).They live in pairs on reservoirs and lakes, where a lot of fish.Build their nests near the water's edge, usually lay two eggs.Hatch them, and female and male.Where a lot of people do not live loon.Recently nests become smaller, they are no longer in the usual places.
Krasnosheynaya, Black-necked Grebe Red-necked and - this is also the migratory birds.Only settle on the lakes.At a lake a few pairs nest.It's quite a rare species, and data on these birds is very small.They eat only fish and insects in large numbers.
guide also includes large and small bittern, black stork, geese, swans, osprey, vultures, eagles and golden eagles, quail and cranes.It even has a larks and owls, hawks and blackbirds.Birds - the richest largest class of vertebrate land animals.In the Vologda region, there are 264 kinds of them.The Red Book listed sixty-one kind of birds.
Fauna Vologda region is very rich and has its own characteristics.This is evidenced by its geographical position and climate.There is evidence that the region is home to over fifteen thousand species of invertebrates and about five hundred species of vertebrates.This river lamprey and Japanese, Russian sturgeon, sturgeon, white salmon, Siberian whitefish, crested newt, the green toad, snakes and so on.Every year the number of these types of indicators are getting smaller.
Everyone knows that our wildlife needs protection.All of humanity must take steps to restore, or you may be irreparable.
Red Book of the Vologda region: plants
happened that a person had to dig up the ground to feed themselves, to cut down the forest and build villages and towns, destroying rare plants of the area.The flora of the planet from this very damaged, resulting in thousands of different species of plants are threatened with extinction.Every year the Red Book replenished large species of grasses and trees.Examples of rare plants: lady's slipper, lungwort, juniper tree, kukushnik, Orchis militaris, nadborodnik bezlisty, calypso onion.You can also mention medicinal herbs listed in the book, such as Adonis spring, common oak, blackberries blue-gray, Solomon's seal drug, everlasting, and others.
Instead of conclusion
Summarizing, we can say that absolutely all the plants and animals of the Red Book of the Vologda region are in need of protection and restoration.But humanity must learn to live with them without causing them any harm, do not contaminate lakes and rivers.