medal "For the Defense of Leningrad" was awarded to heroes past battle-tested in the hottest spots, and the persons who participated in the defense of the city, now known as St. Petersburg.State award was established in 1943 and became one of the first military medals of the Soviet Union.They also released a similar medal for the defense of Odessa, Sevastopol and Stalingrad.
In September 1942, the Soviet Union requested the establishment of a government award.Design the layout of Honor medal awarded famous artist Moskalev.He has developed a unique design project, after which the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad" was established.Also presented their models AA Barkhin, BG Barkhin and Kogisser.
This was granted the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad"
addition combatants, also received the award:
- Teachers who, despite hunger and cold, continued to work and thereby distract the children from the horror that is happening around.
- Civilians who helped in every way to defend the city.Those who, without any military training or another fought for the lives of their relatives, neighbors and just city dwellers.
- Doctors who work not only on the battlefield and rescues the wounded, but also those who helped residents.
All soldiers awarded the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad", received the award for his efforts during his service in the internal troops.In total, during the war, it was awarded more than half a blockade.By 1995, the awards were given to another 900 thousand. People, and the total was 1.47 million characters.
blockade Today, the museum presents all the characters, received the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad".The list of awardees includes 6 volumes.
first medal was cast from rare brass alloy.Since this was the most significant government award, by its production every effort.Although initially it was decided to award cast stainless steel (it is noteworthy that then really began to appear variants of the alloy).In January 1943, Leningrad Mint will receive a ruling on the production of the first batch of medals.After a few months the first thousand medals were awarded to the heroes of the war.The shape of it was a round, 32 mm in diameter.On the front side, it was decided to portray some of the Red Army with guns, who mercilessly shot at the enemy, defending the Admiralty building.On the reverse side of the coin was engraved with the inscription "For Our Soviet Motherland."In addition to the basic model, it was also made an anniversary version, which sported another inscription "In memory of the fiftieth anniversary of Leningrad."
Original medal was made with a cast eye, and the reverse was engraved serial number.Over time, began to emerge without awards such numbers, it is not made from brass and stainless steel.Also, there are several variations and modifications awards.
Eyelet medal was a separate element, which is simply soldered to the base.By this method the award was made during the Second World War and for some time after its completion.Among these medals are least likely to meet the serial numbers on the reverse.In fact, hitherto not known where there is a tradition.Chances are numbered prizes directly in military units, and the number correspond to the number division.
round eyelet medals were tselnoshtampovannyh.These awards were presented after the end of the war heroes who, for one reason or another were not able to get a medal before.Block it was made of aluminum.
Heroes defense of Leningrad and received a special certificate, which was written in verse, dedicated to secure the city.Get award could people who had both direct and indirect relation to the blockade.For example, this honor was awarded by Metropolitan Alexy of Leningrad, as well as the secretary of the party Konstantin Ryzhov, and many others.Medals were given to historical figures, the composition of the government parties and ordinary soldiers.Metropolitan Alexy overwhelm participated in fundraising for the speedy construction of a new tank division.For the shortest possible time the priest has collected about 6 million rubles, and thus helped to save thousands of lives, not only civilians, but also the military who are on the battlefield.
Traditionally, the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad" worn on the left breast.Normally close with the award "For the rescue of drowning" placed the medal.
medal "For the Defense of Leningrad" Now
no secret that many collectors are willing to pay a round sum for the right to possess a relic.On the Internet you can find a huge number of trades, and offers to buy a medal.Although the auctions to start from 200 rubles., The final cost could reach hundreds of thousands.The cost depends on when it was released award of some material and so it
Fraudsters also earn money from it.They spread on bids medal "For the Defense of Leningrad", a photo which confirms the fact that in front of you the true reward.But in fact it turns out that it's just a shoddy that has nothing to do with the original.
hierarchy of awards
There were three similar awards.The most honorable and the eldest was a medal "For the rescue of drowning."Then followed the award "For the Defense of Leningrad" and then was a medal "For the Defense of Moscow".Have any of these medals allowed its owner not only claim to high office, but also gave the right to all kinds of encouragement from the state.
blockade was one of the most high-profile and tragic periods in the history.It is difficult to imagine by what tests had to go to our grandfathers and great-grandfathers.Not only defended Leningrad, but the entire home, they are given the chance to exist for all future generations.Despite all the efforts on the part of the enemy heroes to defend the country and permanently secured for the Russian people, the concept of resistance.Clearly, heroes honored with this medal, deserve our eternal gratitude, respect and reverence.