The Roman army in the era of Caesar

For most people, the concept of "the Roman army" and "Caesar" - are almost synonymous.However, the word "Caesar" is usually associated not so much with one of the titles of the rulers of Rome as the famous military leader Julius Caesar.And it is quite natural, since it was in his time the Roman army became a professional military organization (the middle of 1 BC.).

army of the Roman Empire consisted of legions.The number of Caesar's legions ranged from 3 to 4.5 thousand. People.Each had his cavalry.Caesar used Germanic and Gallic cavalry in battle using a joint battle light infantry and cavalry.

It was during his reign called "ala", which previously stood for an allied legion, it was applied to the troops of cavalry.In addition, the Legion was included in the 55 ballista, which threw the heavy arrows, catapults and 10, intended for throwing stones.Efforts and "Artillery Park" of the Roman legions.The convoy drove Legion camp equipage, and siege equipment consisted of five hundred mules.

rank in the Roman army since the Caesar remained the same, but in the office have been some changes.So, the Legion commanding 6 tribunes, but Caesar the post has lost its former importance.So, if earlier it occupied the former consuls, now could be the tribune of a young man who hoped to enter the Senate, or just wanted to try his hand in the military field.It should also be noted that the life of the Roman officer was unlimited.

grandstands were prefects - senior officials of the Roman army.The legion they could command the cavalry and the camp.His prefect held individually and personally appointed captain.Higher Legion post owned by the legate.The legates were a group of experienced warriors.They were the closest aides chief.Caesar repeatedly instructed his trusted legates commanding even several legions.Although in most cases they were inextricably linked to a particular legion.Most of the commanders of the Legion were centurions, commanding centuries.Six centurions each Legion had a chance to take part in the council of war.

Roman times Caesar's army was the headquarters of the commander.He became a training school for many warlords.As a rule, this was the headquarters of the tribunes, legates and prefects.It also includes young volunteers playing the role of aides.It is necessary to recall the personal guard commander, better known as the Praetorian cohorts.

This Roman army helped Caesar to achieve virtually unlimited power.Most of the soldiers worshiped their leader.He reached the old ways as the world: belief, intimidation, promises strict penalties and, of course, lavish gifts.For example, the legions Caesar doubled the fee, and in some cases even rewarded every soldier a slave of production.This took place after the uprising Vertsigetoriksa.The researchers note that when Caesar enriched everything from himself until the last legionary.