Rogoz is often confused with a cane, or reed.Apparently, this happens for the reason that they grow near water, on their shores or in shallow water.Upon closer examination it becomes clear - the plants are significantly different from each other even in their external features.
Rogoz, mace - the names of the same plant.Scientists there are 37 species of perennial.The most common narrow-leaved, broad-leaved, Caspian, a Dominican, elephant, light, oriental cattail and others.
To understand the question, what is the mace, you must first learn to distinguish it from the reeds and rushes.Make it quite easy.The long stem of a plant ends with "teddy" cob black or dark brown.It is this cattail attracted the attention, while the panicles on the stem or cane reeds few people are interested in.
He - water plant, so it is easy to guess where cattails grow.A favorite place of its habitat are considered shallow ponds, shallow coastal waters, marshy areas.
plant feels good and in polluted waters.It was found that with cattail reed and sedge are great natural cleaners.Thickets of these plants are able to neutralize the toxic substances in the water by 95%.
How does cattail
Strong thick stalk cattail sometimes reaches two meters in height.At the end of the stem is thick cob, whose length is approximately 30 cm. In it the seeds ripen, then the ear become loose and even destroyed by a light touch.
seeds from the cob fall into the water, but do not get wet for a long time thanks to a piece of fluff, which makes them weightless, and the wind easily carries the seeds over long distances.After a while cattail seeds still fall to the bottom of the pond, where there are all necessary conditions for their germination.
sheet structure depends on the type of mace - it can be broad or narrow.Its lower part is in the water, as increasing leaf from rhizomes.The leaves have an amazing ability not to lose its elasticity, even when they are completely dry.
hard, horizontally arranged rhizome is divided into two parts.One part is pulled up and provides plant nutrients are obtained from water.Another part of the rhizome (thicker) is directed into the bottom of the pond.With his help kept the stems and leaves of the plant.
use mace man
What cattail, all extraordinary properties of this plant man learned a long time ago and uses them to this day.
For example, today you can see the objects of everyday life, woven from the leaves and stems of cattail.Stems with cobs can decorate the interior of the apartment.However, this will not last long, as the aging of the seeds indoors is fast and cob "spreads", forming a lot of fluff.Travelers will save weatherproof hut leaf cattail.Such a roof does not pass water, and the walls are capable of storing heat.
rhizomes of the plant are edible when baked.If they are well overcook, we can obtain the raw material for preparing a beverage, like a coffee.
healing properties of plants can not be overestimated - it has the ability to heal wounds, to stop the blood, have antimicrobial action.
For therapeutic purposes, use the leaves that are best collected in June and July.Cattail rhizome is also used in folk medicine.He engaged in harvesting in August.
To learn more about the plant and understand what the mace, it is necessary for this purpose take an excursion to the nearest body of water.Maybe you're lucky - and you get to know.