known since ancient farming, turnips is probably the Russian vegetable replacing our ancestors grain during the famine years.The appearance of potato turnip shifted from its pedestal, but the Russian growers continue to grow this popular culture has established itself as a delicious and healthful dietary product, valued for the rich in vitamin composition and simplicity.When to plant turnips, which create the conditions for better root growth, as well as other issues related to the cultural practices of this culture will be discussed in the article.
Before figure out when to plant turnips, understand, where it is best to sow.Optimal for the lowly light and turnips are a fertile sandy loam soil is well moistened with acidity at pH 6,0-7,0.Because clay soils can cause clubroot infection and markedly reduce the flavor of root crops, cultivated on such sites turnip unprofitable.
deciding when to plant turnips and radishes, growers spend presowing beds.The soil is dug up, introducing a square meter of 3-5 kg of compost or rotted manure, 200 g ash and 15 g of urea, superphosphate and potash fertilizers.It is important to remember that fresh manure can not be applied directly before planting.Its use is possible only if the fall treatment.It is not necessary to plant turnips in areas where previously cultivated other members of the cruciferous crops - cabbage, watercress and others. Preferably, such predecessors as peas, beans, beans, tomatoes and zucchini.
When to plant turnips in open ground
Turnip - cold-resistant culture, perfectly ripened even shaded areas, allowing growers to take two crops a season, even in temperate latitudes.When to plant turnips?The first time the seeds are sown as soon as the snow melts.Root crops are planted in the spring and summer for the intended use, unfit Stowing in the winter.Good keeping quality vegetables have a second (summer) planting.When to plant turnips again, is determined by the weather conditions in the region, but do so no later than the beginning of July.The basic rule of the second sowing - sowing the seeds for 70-80 days before the frost-resistant.The roots have time to mature and attain sufficient quality that increase their safety.
decide on the time when the plant turnips in the open ground, the seeds are treated - they warm up for half an hour, soaking in hot water (50-52˚S).After this procedure, the seeds are dried a little.Because they are small enough for easy planting, they are mixed with sand or sifted wood ashes.In a prepared root area sown in rows at intervals of 20 cm. The seeds are sown in the furrows, they buried 1-2 cm, and then gently close up and watered, being careful not to blur the soil.
Caring manipulation of planting turnips common: regular weeding, cultivation and irrigation.With the advent of 3-5 rows of leaves thin out, leaving between the shoots of 6-8 cm. Mulching crops peat greatly facilitate care ovoschevodu: eliminate the need of loosening and removing weeds, retained a good level of moisture and optimum microclimate around the germs.
watering and pest control
prerequisite for good plant growth and root formation is to ensure its sufficient water.With its lack of turnip grows tough and bitter.The bed with moisture-loving culture that should not dry up.Root vegetables should be watered often - as in the period of initial growth, and during its complete form.The rate of irrigation of 10 liters per square meter.
Unfortunately, planting turnips are very attractive to many dangerous pests, the most common of which are cabbage bugs and flies, fleas wavy, can destroy seedlings in the shortest time.You can prevent the attack while digging the soil, adding a tobacco ash or dust.The beds planted with turnips periodically "pripudrivayut" mustard powder and pepper.
Thus, to investigate the issue of when to plant turnips, we have learned effective farming techniques, allowing to grow double harvest excellent healing root.