Patriarchate - what is it?Because the curriculum is remembered that there was also a matriarchy, and what they mean alternate superiority over others - men over women, and vice versa.
Characteristics of male headship
male authority has other definitions, for example, or androkratiya andrarhiya, which are all the same unconditional rule of men, as the patriarchy.What is it - the power of the father (for certain translated) or social structure of the society, in which all power is concentrated in the hands of the stronger sex?Both.This form of social organization, when the man is the leader or the "dominant element" has its own characteristic features, such as patrilineal, in which everything, including the inheritance passed through the father.Or patrilocality when the place of residence of each member of the family is determined by the husband.The very first of these words "Patria" indicates that the husband always takes precedence, even if polygyny, where a lot of wives, all the power is in his hands.
Patriarchate as the human mind
But it is within the same family, and on a national scale Patriarchate - what is it?This is a society that is inherent in gender ideology, the boy grows up with the concept of gender inequality and men's priorities as something taken for granted that all the rights, including the right to choose, all the responsibilities, decision-making and responsibility for theirpursuant to belong to men.In modern society, a form of patriarchy rather hidden, it is not declared by the state, but for thousands of years developed norms of gender relations, standards of conduct laid people on a subconscious level.
term, however, the study is current not only to refer to secular concepts in Orthodoxy is one of the most commonly used word.In a religious sense, patriarchy, what is it?It is synonymous with the church.In our times, as in the pre-Petrine (great king abolished the patriarchate, and the institution has been restored as a result of the decision of the Local Council of 1917-18).Patriarch Tikhon was elected, who led the church until 1925.The test term refers to a system of hierarchical structure of church authority.In general, the patriarchate in Russia for the first time was introduced in 1589, and the first head of the Church was Job.In Soviet times, the Patriarchate was renewed in 1943, during the war.Sergius Stragorodsky headed the Russian Orthodox Church until 1944, where he died.
Its successor Alexios I entire siege was in the besieged city was awarded the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad".His name in the world - SV Simansky, the Moscow Patriarchate, he was from 1945 until his death in 1970. All subsequent chapters of the ROC did everything possible to revive the Orthodox Church and the spiritual health of the nation.Since 1971, led by MP Pimen in the world Sergey Izvekov, who died in 1990.He was replaced by Alexis Riediger, who became patriarch in 1990 under the name Alexis II.The current head of the MP since 2009 is Kirill (secular name Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyaev).
largest Orthodox patriarchates (listed according to the diptych) - Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem and Moscow and a number of autocephalous (self-contained within a single state, for example, Bulgarian, Hungarian, and so on. D.) churches, mostly situated on the territory of Eastern Europe, all of them (and there are only 15 official) are Orthodox Church.
Of course, there are dozens of churches who have gone from the Orthodox Church, but belongs to him historically, such as "Old Calendarists Greek" or "Russian Church tradition" - there are many different, but it is not Orthodox patriarchates.
Another name ROC
Russian Orthodox Church is the largest of the existing autocephalous local churches.On the vast territory of Russia there are 136 dioceses.Apart from these, there are several dozen stavropegic, which include monasteries, Lavra, brotherhood and cathedrals, directly subordinate to the patriarch (in which case it is called svyaschennoarhimandritom) and independent of the diocesan authorities.And all this wealth has another official name - the Moscow Patriarchate or MP.He ranked fifth in the list of names commemorated in the liturgy - the diptych, and is recognized by all as the sole legitimate canonical Orthodox Church on the territory of CIS countries.It is interesting to note that before the MP and the Moscow Patriarchate before 2000 were used interchangeably with the phrase.Now the Moscow Patriarchate represents all the institutions that are the direct responsibility of the patriarch.The Moscow Patriarchate does not include the Old Believers, Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC) and the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR).At the Moscow Patriarchate is the main document - the Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church.It states that the highest authority and the church administration are the Local Council, the Council of Bishops and the Holy Synod, headed by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.