In modern literature you can find several options for collecting primary sociological information.They include analysis of documents, various polls.Often used and monitored.We are interested in the method of the survey - this communion of the interviewer with the respondent.And all the questions in advance already made up.
Usually communication is conducted to identify the primary data, which is necessary for the task in front of the interviewer.Often questions are asked several people.After all, the purpose of the survey is not a study of a particular individual.To collect the information, you can use a survey - a technique very similar to interviewing.Only it takes everything in writing.There, too, there are pre-defined and written questions.From the above it can be concluded that the survey - is receipt of the initial information from several respondents to the task.
How accurate and extensive people will respond to the questions depends on the knowledge of the respondent, and the interviewer who creates all the atmosphere for dialogue.In fact - the two most influential factors.Also important is the time and place of the presence in the same room by unauthorized persons who can greatly hinder the process.There
expert survey - is, in fact, the same interviews, as described above.This method has a wider scope.Typically, during it solved the problem quite complex nature.This requires not just the interviewers, and serious experts able to immediately capture the necessary information.Respondents also appear more senior people - directors of companies, commentators, officials and so on. D. Typically, an expert survey requires the participation of about 20-30 people.Often, this method helps to understand the problems of large companies to find out their causes.In principle, directors and owners of companies may themselves conduct such an interview, but if they are incompetent in this case, it is better to entrust it to professionals.They have the ability to conduct a study on the roots, t. E. By compiling the questions themselves to process all the information gathered.
Often expert survey are compared with a large case study, and in fact the way it is.Interviewers spend quite a lot of work to produce a solution to a task.It is very important the professionalism of the person asking the questions, it is necessary to create the most comfortable environment for the respondent so that he could open the largest-and answer all questions honestly and unambiguously.That is why this method is not very common on the Internet.Sometimes they spend money, but the respondent is not to think about it initially, you need to set yourself up for the fact that his opinion is very important for the solution of a problem that the interviewer is interesting and significant to chat with him.For interviews chosen only by a competent person who knows this or that area, to which the task at hand.For example, questions on leisure activities can meet experienced workers in the field of culture, labor activists, organizers of events.
expert survey can be carried out both internally and in absentia.The disadvantage of the first form of an interview that both people are spending a lot of time.Also a lot of resources, then goes to the processing of all the data collected.In order not to waste precious time, use the absentee questioning, but it's worth noting that the internal meeting provides more complete information for tasks.After all, if the expert can not only get a verbal answer to the question, but also to "read" the nonverbal message, which is also very important.