Developing States depends largely on how much fundamental and worked out the rules governing certain processes taking place at the level of political institutions and society.What are the specifics of appropriate mechanisms?What is the role of political norms of the Russian state?
Considered theme has a complex structure and a significant component of the discussion.The first aspect, which is useful to consider political norms - determination.A common interpretation, according to which under the consideration of the term should be understood measures of regulation of activity in the field of public administration and the interaction of government institutions, society and individuals.There are different kinds of political norms they may be presented in the form of laws, traditions, customs, values, spiritual and cultural priorities.May be supplemented by the principle - elements that are not of the nature of regulation, but often play an equally important role than the actual standards.
But regardless of the particular species, measures regulation in question relate to the political sphere of society.That is, they affect power relations, electoral processes, the work of political associations, activities of social and ethnic groups.Political principles and standards can be implemented at various levels - national, regional, and municipal.
measures regulation in question are established in order to ensure the control of the state and society for communication with individuals, classes, political parties and other public associations.Another important function, which is performed political norms - to protect the interests of the state and citizens from destructive internal factors and external influences.
nature of the rules may be noted that the measures regulation in question, it is very close, and in some cases identical to the sources of regulation processes in society - social norms.In some cases they are difficult to differentiate because of the fact that the object of control - the same, but the content regulations - similar.Political, social norms are often considered in the same context.
In accordance with one of the treatments, the measures in the regulation - a private social event.This point of view is close to those researchers who believe society is primary in relation to the state.Similarly, understood and regulations - that is, those set out in the law.That is, no matter what one or another regulatory mechanism, it will somehow relate to the social sphere.Political and legal norms will be private social options.
norms and values
consider how the measures in question relate to the regulation and political values.Which, like the principles, can also play an important practical role.Political values - it guidelines, which are more correlated with morality than with the right.Following them implies that the subject of the relevant activities - such as a specific authority or the official's term of office - to show their will, not because of the requirements dictated by authority and by reason of following some universal, humanitarian reasons.
Ideally political values when it comes to modern environments that implement domestic and international relations, should reflect the interests of citizens first and foremost, and not the authorities.This is achieved by democratic procedures associated with the formation of various institutions of government.If they work at the proper level, the problems with the combinability of political values and the public interest will not be.
norms and traditions
In the beginning of this article we noted that one of the varieties of political norms may be the tradition.The main difference from the principles - that they have the character, do not assume they understand the alternative.If the principles somehow need explanation, the tradition, there is usually no.They are understood by most participants in political communications.
bearer of tradition can be very different entities, such as political leaders, occupying a specific position.This can be a society that is delegated to them the power or administrative functions.It may be a political or public organization, which should be in some traditions in the work with voters or in the process of solving the current problems.
significance of traditions
In some cases, the elements in question may be substituted for regulation law.For example, due to their lack of or inadequate attention and as a consequence, inefficiency.In this case, the tradition is sometimes referred to as "legal custom."For example, the internal policy of Russia involves their regular involvement of, if it is a legal relationship with the participation of national republics.Legislator in this case it is easier to trust prevailing in the local community behaviors, than to develop separate rules of law.
Tradition can also be an element of proactive adaptation to the new realities of society and the influence of certain factors that the current legal framework does not provide.Thus, if the involvement of the whole tradition of getting an adequate response to changes in the political subject, they may well be the basis for the formation of the relevant legal provisions.
tradition - the most important instrument of broadcasting company accumulated during the historical development of experience of participation in various political communication.Their presence contributes to the development of society in response to the samples of the dangerous from the point of view of stability of the state factors.For example, in the case of foreign tense situation society that took part in the historical experience of large-scale conflicts can be ready to mobilize all the forces out to save their country.
Influence of traditions in the sphere of public communications
Political traditions affect not only the sphere in which power relations are implemented and functioning state institutions, but also in other areas of social communications.The population of the Russian Federation, which is traditionally characterized by a high level of patriotic sentiment, with high probability will be ready, for example, do not buy imported products that fall under the sanctions.In this sense, it shows the influence of tradition - the love for the country - at the level of the business, although at first sight between the spheres little in common.
political tradition, according to many researchers, people form the behavioral guidelines that may prejudge the fundamental units for the implementation of certain activities.The man in the case of some factors that influenced the formation of the tradition in the past can no extra clues to determine for themselves the optimum sequence of actions in a given situation.For example, the appearance among the candidates for the highest office in the state power system of people supporting the abolition of the institution of licensing, appointing their subjects remember how this measure under under construction capitalist economy in Russia may reduce the quality of many goods and services, and will not appoint the personon the proper position.
traditions can play an important educational role and socializing.That is, people in the process of growing up and familiarizing the public communications, the presence of strong political traditions, will not need to clarify things that involve their active participation in the various components of state building.What kind of scenarios may be relevant here?For example, a person brought up on strong tradition of respect for the political history of the country, most likely, will not shy away from the army, and will be happy to provide it.It will seek to master popular profession in order to benefit the state.
traditions as the factor of strengthening of statehood
Tradition - an important factor in strengthening the state, especially if you talk about it the Russian model.Thus, the modern principles of building vnutrifederativnyh relations in the Russian Federation did not appear by accident - they have a long historical tradition, in fact since the days of the Empire.
The fact that the people of Russia feel comfortable and loyal to the central government, is due, researchers believe, is not the perfection of the legal base, and the fact that it is quite fundamental historical tradition.The nations that make up the Russian Federation, are well aware that, for example, at a higher level of federalization could not cope with the increased burden on the economy, with the emergence of new, not typical of past years of social problems.
Traditions are especially noteworthy because they, despite their fundamental nature, lend themselves to neat modification under the influence of various factors - in this case, those related to the development of the state.Therefore, they are often regarded by researchers as the most effective regulatory mechanisms, as the most valid political norms.Example we noted above - respect for the history of their country.
political norms can be presented as moral values.Their main feature - the expression of the will, is not dictated by any regulations, traditions and principles.The subject of political communication can make a decision based on personal desire to help your partner.Or at least does not degrade its position.
Morality may define how the individual vision of the human situation and settings that play a prominent role in the community or its individual groups or associations - political parties, trade unions and ideological circles.
legal norms in politics
Law and Politics - areas that are closely linked.Most decisions are taken by the authorities in the modern states, one way or another carried out in the framework of legally binding mechanisms.Legal provisions can be categorized as key to policy areas.But what is important is how they will be interpreted.Also, law and policy - events that have a fundamental dissimilarity.What does it manifest itself?
fact that in processes involving government institutions often decisions are proactive character, under which simply is not developed legal framework or whether it is characterized by clearly outdated provisions.As a rule, the publication of an act of the legislator precedes a precedent, which became the reason for the development of new legal norms or adjust the existing one.Therefore, politicians often make decisions that can not find a match in the current legislative regulation.And it becomes a frequent cause for debate, for the prosecution of certain officials in non-compliance "rules of law".
However, the legislative aspect of the regulation of political communication is very important in terms of ensuring the stability of state institutions.Without it you can not do at the present stage of development of the world community.And because in most developed countries there is a strong legal framework to regulate, where possible, the various spheres of political communication.The main source of relevant rules - this is usually the Constitution or an equivalent set of laws.The rest of the legal acts based on them.
course, rules can be characterized by the simultaneous effect of legislation, morals, traditions and principles.In this case, we can say, for example, about the validity of the law, the relevant historical premises and modern realities.Perhaps this is the ideal scenario, but trustworthy political subjects seek it.
criteria for classification standards of political
From any signs of certain regulatory measures should be understood as political norms?An example of this type of source - the Election Law of the Russian Federation.This legal act directly political sphere - namely the procedures related to the delegation of powers to the level of the country's population of federal authorities.
If we consider the Russian traditions, which of them can be understood as political norms?An example of this type of regulatory systems - public support for the Russian centralized model of government, a strong federal government.It is this tradition that when key decisions must be made in Moscow, many political scientists explain the fact that the Russians choose parties and candidates with a conservative philosophy that shape their programs, with emphasis on the maintenance of the power vertical.This tradition is valid for a long time, and it has a historical explanation.Russia has always been a de facto unitary state with centripetal political trends due to the specifics of its formation.Russia's domestic policy is largely built on the basis of this tradition.Population consciously delegated powers the bulk of Moscow, but waiting on the management decisions of the capital of the corresponding results.Modern mass political party - "United Russia", the Communist Party, the Liberal Democratic Party - one way or another involve in the implementation of its programs following the said tradition.All key decisions, no matter who wins the parliamentary elections, adopted in Moscow.
Among the moral principles can also be found political norms.Example - setting the country's government for the cancellation of the external debt for countries that are not objectively able to pay off the loans.It seems that, from the point of view of the law, the state is entitled to request the debt in full.Moreover, the political tradition can be characterized as the principal creditor of debt collector.But it is not ruled out a scenario in which the authorities of the creditor by virtue of moral principles will decide to write off the debt.