The main methods of water purification

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water treatment methods to date are quite relevant issue.After all, water - an essential part of life as a person and of all humanity.That is why modern science is constantly working to develop new methods of purification.

methods of water purification is primarily dependent on the quality and quantity of the cleaning liquid.For example, in some methods used by industry and in the home to clean running water can be very different.

Industrial methods of water purification

water is taken from reservoirs or underground sources, before getting into the water passes purification system.These methods are used and treated wastewater, which are an integral part of any industrial plant or factory.

  1. Mechanical methods of water purification .The very name of the method suggests, what exactly is the purpose pursued.With the help of various filters water is purified from unnecessary and harmful particles.To start the liquid hits the surface of the filter, where boot passes through the filter material thus retained particles of a certain size.But if using this method you can get rid of relatively large contaminants, here from bacteria and small organic particles can not save filters.
  2. Chlorination of water .Fairly well-known method of purification that allows you to disinfect the water.But this method also has a drawback, which everyone knows.Drinking such water is impossible.
  3. Ozonization .A relatively new and quite effective method of water purification that can remove organic residues.Ozone is also considered a very strong disinfectant.Unfortunately, this method is quite expensive and is just starting to gain popularity.

Unfortunately, the water that provides homes and apartments, not always quality.It is therefore necessary to think about how to make it better at home.

methods of water purification at home

As a rule, the water flowing from the tap, there are some problems.Firstly, it contains magnesium and calcium salts, which make it rigid.Another danger - is the presence of decay of organic waste products, including nitrites and ammonia.Also the water may contain traces of iron and manganese - such liquid becomes yellowish.The most common rust sediment in the water is a result of its movement through the old pipes.And, of course, one of the main problems is chlorine.

But water can be purified and make usable independently.There are some very effective and common ways.

  1. standing.In order to become clean water, it should be placed in a container and let stand at least during the day.During this period of fluid erode about 90% chlorine.If formed on the bottom reddish sediment, water should be filtered.But this method is not suitable in the case when the liquid is saturated with bacteria and microscopic algae.
  2. Boiling.This method can significantly alleviate the water as magnesium and calcium salts simply settle on the walls of utensils.During the boiling of the liquid will erode all the chlorine.Moreover, high temperatures help to destroy most of the living microorganisms.But if the water in high levels of organic matter, it can not be boiled, as nitrogen compounds quickly react with chlorine.
  3. Domestic water filters.To date, we offer a huge selection of various filters.Jobs passive filters based on a simple filtration, when part of the pollutant particles simply settles into the pores.Incidentally, as for filling such a filter often use activated charcoal.

there and active filters containing a certain number of substances.These substances by passing the water react with contaminants, thereby neutralizing them.

worth noting that the water filter must be chosen very carefully.First and foremost is the problem of the leadership of your water, whether it is the stiffness or the presence of organic matter.