main provisions of law are the basic categories of any legal system, called the rule of law.Typically, these rules are laid down in specific acts of government or international treaties, they oprelelyayut framework and boundaries of behavior and often are imposing an obligation on the character.There is a definite classification of the rule of law, which, for convenience, divides them into types and helps determine what is meant is this norm.
There are several different typologies, which are used for such classification.Basically, they have certain characteristics by which these rules are divided.So, the rule of law, types and categories of legal provisions may be allocated in its methods, functions, and applications.For example, the methods and the scope of the law can be divided depending on exactly what they regulate legal relations.Any rights - civil, criminal, administranivnoe, constitutional, and so on, has its own rules.If we take as a basis for dividing the functions of such standards, we see that the legal provisions and the categories are regulatory - that is, those who have something to allow, prohibit or empower, enforcement, and related to some specific industries or special situationsand to define the term or the functions of various organs.
This classification is the traditional law and quite common.It is characteristic of the positivist theory of law.Based on this typology, regulatory standards are allocated in order to make it clear what rights and responsibilities exist for a particular type of legal relationship between the entities, groups or entities and state authorities, and thus aimed at identifying the rules.Enforcement standards are allocated to indicate a deviation from the norm, the offense to stop or prevent them, and thus protect both the first regulatory standards.Typically, they contain elements of coercion and responsibility.Special rules also - this subsidiary serving rules that are complementary and both are, if there is a need to pinpoint a particular term, develops special, such as an emergency, as well as when there is a legal conflict with the contradiction of some other standards.In the latter case, as a rule, a valid principle that the law of the higher hierarchy overrides the law of a lower order, as a special rule overrides general.
somewhat different classification of the law is carried out in the international sphere.First of all, they differ in scope.There is global, universal norms that are binding on all member countries of the UN and have the character of an obligation on all.It is the universally recognized principles of international relations, the provisions of the Bill of the United Nations on human rights and so on.Regional regulations define the relationship between the two countries in certain geografichekih boundaries and particularity - according to bilateral or multilateral treaties.
Classification of the law in this area could also be based on the power of the legal action.Thus, the mandatory rules are crucial because they concern the interests of all countries, and their violation may cause harm to many States.Deviations from this norm are not permitted, and any contract entered into in violation of these rules will be void.Discretionary rules also suggest that the country could depart from this norm by offering its own version.But if this was not done, the dispositive norm, too binding.
classification norms of international law, of course, has the typological features typical of the classification in any law - that is, those rules can also share the functions and methods of regulation.But the specifics of it is international law is that its provisions can be separated in the form of (for example, contained in the treaties and decisions of international and inter-governmental organizations), as well as the duration (ie, to act within a specified period or indefinitely).In international law, there are referential rules that can confer legal force recommendatory provisions of the various organizations that have not previously worn binding.