important, if not decisive role in the development of human civilization have always been the ideology and beliefs that prevailed at different times in the territory of nations and states.History of political and legal doctrines has dozens of ideological doctrines, which were created by great figures in order to transform society and improve it.It is noteworthy that almost always the great minds of mankind tried to find the path of social development, which is different to justice, freedom and the rights of people.It is for these struggling people since time immemorial, in the relatively recent past has revolutionized the late XIX-early XX century.
Today, the history of political and legal doctrines is among the historical disciplines, which are studied at higher education institutions in the legal and regulatory departments.The school curriculum also addresses the most important aspects of formation of a political system, with the result that every person has at school knows how to draw parallels between this or that doctrine and the rate of development of science and technology.
If you touch the earliest theory of ancient times, it should start with the ancient East, because that is where, according to official history was the birth of our civilization.A characteristic feature of the whole world of that era was the religious dogma according to which all the unexplained things and concepts are aligned to the divine vision of the world.Life at that time was quite complicated, because the form of government in all countries was the tyranny and despotism that relied on fear and total submission to the rest of society.
However, the history of political and legal doctrines to prove to us that this form of government eventually gave way to a more loyal to the ruling regime, which moved from the slave system to the feudal.You have to understand that it was not just so, and the gradual development of social consciousness, as people became more developed and informed.But the feudal system had basically injustice to the majority of the population, which in fact remained at the mercy of the will of the rulers.Only the Renaissance starts a streak of light in the development of a society which is starting to move away from the medieval religious fanaticism, and refers to scientific discoveries in various fields.At the turn of XVI-XVII centuries are beginning to appear the first universities, which gradually form a new enlightened society.From that moment the history of legal and political scientists are beginning to closely study the many currents and trends that appear extensively throughout the Western Europe.Active is the study of natural phenomena, discover new continents and countries, different cultures are gradually beginning to penetrate into each other, forming a gradual system of interaction between all people on the basis of respect for the rights and freedoms of everyone.As a result, the sum total of the legal framework, and many come to the correct conclusion that the basis of all relationships, both between States and between individuals should be based on the principle of respect for the rights and freedoms of another person.
History of political and legal doctrines includes works by such great figures as Niccolo Machiavelli, Thomas Mann, Grotius, John Locke, Thomas Morr, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and many others.In XX century, a particularly important role played by the well-known politician struggle of Martin Luther King Jr. for equality of black people in the United States.Great Indian preacher and social activist Mahatma Gandhi in the last century also stood in the way of humanity, have a significant impact on the history of the world.
Second World War showed that, despite the best efforts of society beginning of the twentieth century, almost the entire civilized world was embroiled in the bloodiest war in human history, which killed hundreds of millions of people.
Political and legal doctrines of the second half of the twentieth century differ mainly in strengthening humanistic tendencies, as well as intensification of the struggle for the rights and freedoms of people in different countries.However, despite all the efforts of the international community, we can see that modern civilization is in a constant voltage, and various military conflicts once again prove that there is still a large number of unresolved questions that modern society should find the right answers.