chaenomeles (Japanese quince) is a shrub, known to the ancient Greeks, who valued the plant for medicinal properties.The genus includes four species.They are widespread in nature, mostly in the eastern regions of Asia.
quince tree can be semi-evergreen or deciduous.It depends on the growing conditions.Spreading plant shoots are covered with rare spines.Japonica leaves has dark green, glossy, fine.They are located alternately.The tree is grown for fruit and decorative purposes.
Looks great plant during flowering.At this time, shoots are covered with colorful flowers.Japonica does not require special care, and the establishment of special conditions.However soils rich in humus for it are more preferred.This plant can grow on poor soils with a lack of moisture.Perhaps the only requirement is a sufficient amount of sunlight.In this regard, the plant must be planted in open areas.
japonica at home can reach a height of about three meters.In the Moscow region, for example, plant height no more than 0.7 meters.He shoots inclined arched, covered with studs centimeter.Period flowering begins in mid-May and lasts for about two to three weeks, and sometimes months.
japonica plant is considered to be long-lived.Developing in one place, it can bear fruit for hundreds of years.Flowering plants extraordinarily beautiful.The flowers can grow up to five centimeters.Japonica is a cross-pollinated crop.For the most effective pollination is desirable to plant two or three plants.In Russia japonica cultivated mainly for decorative purposes.
plant has a relatively rapid maturation of the fruit.Their fragrant aroma reminiscent of the smell of pineapple.The fruits have very different shapes.Thus, they can be napiform, apple-pear, spherical.But more often there are ovate-rounded.Painting of fruit can also be varied: from green to yellow to red blush.
finally ripen fruits approximately in September, reaching a diameter of about six centimeters.It should be noted that according to the taste value japonica is not inferior to ordinary.
The raw fruit unsuitable for consumption: they have too acidic, astringent taste.This is due to large amounts of organic acids.Most contained in fruits of citric acid.For this plant has received another name - the "northern Lemon".
Regular consumption of fruits helps to eliminate heavy metals, cholesterol, radionuclides from the body.In addition, they are endowed with antiseptic, diuretic, styptic, astringent properties.
Decorative quince properties allow you to use it as a hedge.The plant is well tolerated haircut, suitable for single and for group plantings.Planting quince, you must remember that the plant has an average degree of hardiness.At extremely low temperatures, the ends of the shoots (especially annuals) can freeze.