The scientific picture of the world and its varieties

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concept of scientific picture of the world is used in different interpretations.This is a special form of knowledge, based on scientific data, corresponding to a certain historical period.

concept of scientific picture of the world is often used in the meaning of the image and model of the world in characterizing worldview anyone.But more often, the term "scientific world" refers to the body of knowledge which is acquired as a result of the theoretical foundations laid in the natural sciences, the object of which is the nature of research and society as a unified communications and through the basic concepts.

scientific picture of the world is considered in three variants:

  1. general scientific understanding of the universe and the society on the basis of all knowledge, the prisoners in different disciplines.
  2. natural picture of the world in a scientific angle of repose, of existing society, and the nature and summarizing the scientific information developed as a result of the development of natural, social and humanities.
  3. disciplinary vision of the world, expressed in terms of "ontology" and understood in the light of the definition of science, such as physical or chemical picture of the world.

scientific picture of the world is radically different from the non-scientific fact that it is based on the theory of scientific, proven and therefore is not in doubt.But this does not mean that the scientific world is identical with the scientific theory.The first reflects the object as a whole, in isolation from the process of acquiring knowledge and theory at the same time brings in its content and logically substantiated evidence.

scientific world has three closely interconnected, the functions performed during the study.The first one is to systematize the available scientific knowledge, forming a complex but clear and coherent whole.The second function is to determine the strategy for future scientific knowledge, when the CCM acts as a research program.And the third problem is that it is designed to carry, is to ensure the objectivity of scientific knowledge and their inclusion in the treasury of the cultural heritage of mankind.

philosophical and scientific picture of the world are closely linked.They both are a form of man's knowledge of reality.However, the philosophical picture has its own specifics.It considers, first of all, in terms of the base being.And secondly, the philosophy of the world interested in painting from the general structure of the device and the state in which it is located.Depending on this, and formed two main concepts in philosophy known as materialism and idealism.If materialism recognizes the basis of existence of matter, idealism brings to the fore the absolute idea.

Despite the dissimilarity between a philosophical and scientific picture of the world agree that as a scientist, and philosopher, analyzing any situation, should make a choice in favor of materialistic or idealistic position.That is, the philosophical basis of their position at the consideration of universal values ​​become mandatory.Exclude subjective element completely, unfortunately, it is impossible.

modern scientific picture of the world strives to bring knowledge to the real state of reality and recognizes the urgency of the problem of obtaining objective knowledge only on the basis of multiple practical test.Scientists understand the impossibility of creating a full picture of the world and pay great attention in studies of the phenomena of reality characteristic features in common, combining objective and subjective.Even such fundamental discoveries about the basics of the universe, as the structure of the atom and the electron, to be refined further by many generations of curious minds.