Machiavelli in his famous work "The Emperor" gave a lot of practical advice for beginners politicians and rulers.If you isolate the particulars of the general meaning of art management on a macro scale is to ensure that there is no moral or immoral decisions, good and bad.There are right and wrong, useful and harmful.Modern international relations in this regard - is no exception.
Refusal of law of the jungle
In the twentieth century, after two monstrous, unprecedented scale wars, the concept of international relations has changed.Absolutely earlier Darwinian laws governing international relations, have lost their shameless evidence.You can not take power solutions, not ignoring the opinion of society.It is impossible to think that the biggest army - the key to success in international relations.Modern international relations have become very humanistic.No, of course they have not turned into a mutually beneficial alliance of equals.But the humanistic tendencies there.
Why are these positive developments in international relations have become possible?
In recent years significantly increased the impact on the power structures of society.Therefore, decisions related to conflict situations are taken exclusively with an eye on the opinion of the voters.In many respects this factor required to positive developments in international relations.Examples confirming this thesis work, as they say in mathematics, the reverse.The number of armed conflicts in the world has declined sharply, the European countries do not participate in them, except in the role of peacekeepers.A party calling to take up arms, was highly critical of the public and rarely gaining votes, enough to translate his ideas into reality.
rules are not strong, and smart
In the twentieth century was created and tested in practice, nuclear weapons, and, of course, terrible.Events in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were so monstrous that humanity will never again try to repeat this experience.This is true of even the most radical states, known as a bastion of militarism.So it evolved between the bitter enemies positive relationship in international relations is a rarity.Usually, if there is sufficient reason for the conflict, its origin - a matter of time.
There was a situation, when all the relevant players in the political field had at the hands of the nuclear card.And this has led to a natural stalemate.None of the parties to the conflict can not use nuclear weapons, knowing that the enemy has time to retaliate.The result is not a victory, and the total destruction of everything.It turns out that the power of murderous weapons provided friendly, positive attitude.In international relations, it is not a paradox.
triumph of diplomacy
In today's world importance of direct military threat has lost its former strength.Times when all obey man with the big stick, and most strong muscles are gone.Today, too much it depends on the economy, on international trade, on the position that occupy large corporations (and not just because of the corruption of power).Just these monsters provide huge revenue to the state budget in the form of taxes and fees.Naturally, they have a direct impact on the state's policies.The positive phenomenon in international relations, such as tolerance, tolerance, desire to find a compromise, it is largely stem from the need to reckon with the laws of economics.Switzerland has no nuclear weapons, but it has a powerful financial leverage.China has enough military power, but its impact is largely determined not by fear of attack multimillion army, and a virtual monopoly on the world's nickel reserves.Without this high-tech material can not live.
International assistance and humanitarian aid
Many positive developments in international relations directly linked to the blasts in Europe monstrous war.The tradition of humanitarian assistance is not at the level of private initiatives, and at the state level, the practice of peacekeeping intervention in local conflicts.All these positive developments in international relations comes from the Second World War.Never before had humanitarian assistance to one State to another does not reach such proportions.And now for the victims of environmental disasters and hostilities food, medicine and clothing - almost norm of international etiquette.
many examples of international cooperation are connected with the knowledge of some common threat.For example, the terrorist attacks in recent years have led to the need for closer cooperation between police forces in different countries.And this, in turn, reduce the chances of criminals escape from the movement between states.Careful control of cash flow, is also associated with the anti-terrorist campaign, has led to a tightening of financial regulations.Life criminals specializing in economic mismanagement, has become much more complicated.This is undoubtedly a positive phenomenon in international relations.Examples of such fruitful cooperation are numerous.
condemnation of the policy of non-interference
Another finding that has made mankind from the last war, is that there are no other people's conflicts.Laissez-faire, of course, a very reasonable and economical.But when she is mistaken, it turns into a disaster.We can not ignore even local military conflicts, because it is difficult to predict how the situation will unfold later.
In 1945, were created by the UN peacekeeping force, designed to ensure peaceful ways to resolve both internal and international conflicts.The structure is part of a limited contingent of troops from each country that is a member of the United Nations, including Russia.Peacekeeping forces were involved in the armed conflict in Yugoslavia, Liberia, Burundi, Chad, and many others.
So, once again, the bloody events of history have formed a positive phenomenon in international relations.Vivid examples of events nearly a century ago are still evident.The Second World War has taught mankind.
Another consequence of the tragic events - the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions.These regulations are devoted to the protection of civilians during any armed conflict.If before the issue of security of the population was only a matter of conscience warring sides, since 1949 the situation has changed.International law clearly prescribes norms and standards to be observed during the fighting, including the use of types of weapons and a ban on the production of the most dangerous, no different selectivity effects.Yes, there are violations of these rules and will be.Yet positive developments in international relations concerning the control of the production of weapons - a definite plus.