MiG-31BM is by far one of the most versatile fighter-interceptors in the world.In the international codification of supersonic aircraft was named Foxhound, which means "fox hound."It's safe to say that the MiG-31 - the best of all features.It is designed to detect and destroy the enemy at extreme altitudes, in all conditions.
The "MiG-31BM" received approval only at the beginning of the 1970s.Prior to that, for several years the creation of Strike Fighter MiG-31 takes the best military engineers of the Soviet Union under the leadership of A. Chumachenko.Since 1975, the project was headed by K. Vasil.On his shoulders lay not only the development of the concept of a supersonic aircraft, but its tests.
Initially fighter-interceptor MiG-31BM could hit targets in the daytime.Gradually, the navigation equipment was perfected.In the spring of 1976 it was decided to implement a complete set of software in the aircraft new electronic tracking.Thanks to this expanded and combat capabilities of fighter.Thus, on-board radar was phased.
airplane was on a "tandem", that is, the crew had to accommodate only two people.In the pilot piloting functions assigned, and the navigator - processing of operational data.The first successful test of the aircraft took place in late 1978, and a half later by the decree of the USSR government project has been completed.Characteristic differences
MiG-31BM has several important distinguishing features of the original MiG-31.In particular this applies to complex on-board radar.With this equipment the crew is able to detect in a few seconds up to 24 goals.In addition, a third of them can be attacked at the same time.
also stand out from the MiG-31BM specifications relating to anti-radiation protection systems.It includes such rocket launchers, as X-25MPU X-29T, Kh-31P and others.In addition, the features of the series can be upgraded to include a laser guidance system.For the comfort of the crew developed a special arrangement of cabins.Now the pilot has the opportunity to receive information on tactical training.Earlier, the commander could not know what makes his co-driver.To monitor the situation cockpit is equipped with a multifunction display diagonal of 10 inches.The navigator, in turn, had the opportunity to display radar data.
model glider 31BM was developed based on the MiG-25.When designing a special attention was paid to a body that is able to withstand the lifting load is 25% more than the previous version.The shell consists of 50% steel, 33% of high-strength aluminum alloy and 13% of titanium.Rocket launcher is fixed in the housing half.
have the MiG-31BM engine specifications are similar to the prototype of the Tu-134.This is a D-30F6 engine, which was developed in 1979.This powerful, modular engines with a nozzle and an afterburner.When you run the fighter applies the method of "fire lanes".Vibrogorenie automatically eliminated joint collector.Motors themselves are made of titanium, iron and nickel.
MiG-31BM - a new generation multi-role fighter.Its main advantage over the enemy is a universal radar, which consists of just two modernized system.The first was called "Barrier".It was put into service in 1981.The system is able to detect a ground target with a probability of error of 0.5% at a distance of 200 km.Range of visibility in the air is 35 km away."Barrier" makes it possible to simultaneously attack the 8 channels.The fighter is capable of hitting targets in the "dead loop".
Additional radar "Barrier-M" entered service in 2008.It provides the ability to detect flying targets up to 320 km and 290 km to the defeat.Currently, no such characteristics from one fighter in the world.In addition, the "Barrier-M" is built teplopelengator 8TP capable of detecting live target to 56 km even in difficult climatic conditions.
The package also includes a digital anti-jamming system of the MiG-31.
Description: The performance characteristics
length 31BM fighter version is 21.6 m with a wingspan of 13.5 m. The mass of a supersonic machine is 21.8 tons.The maximum weight of a full load - up to 47 tons. The total volume of tanks of 17,000 liters of fuel.The total engine thrust in afterburner is 31,000 kgs.The maximum threshold of operational overload - 5G.No wonder most "hardy" fighter in the world is precisely the MiG-31BM.
Specifications avionics allow supersonic interceptor reach the speed barrier of 3,000 km / h.This cruising acceleration is 2,500 km / h.Without refueling fighter is able to fly a distance of 3,000 km.Ceiling height - 20.5 km.The average duration of the flight without refueling is 3.3 hours.
In completing the MiG-31BM has 23-millimeter cannon mnogosnaryadnaya Series GS-6-23M, and guided missiles R-33, R-40T, R-60 and R-60M.It is worth noting the installation rate of GSH-6-23M.It is up to 80 rounds per minute.
missile complexes are located on 6 hangers.Plus an additional two points for the FMB.Pendants are fixed uniformly on the body and wings.Drum set includes 4 large missiles and medium-range destruction.The upgraded model has a system of SD R-77 with 4 missiles.Fighter Weapons allows the crew to hit targets with great precision both on the ground and in the air.Bombing is carried out by means of laser navigation.Maximum weight of the total payload - 9 tons.
Since the implementation of the project "MiG-31" in the light of a huge number of different variations of the aircraft.The most popular of these was the MiG-31BM.This multipurpose supersonic interceptor capable not only to attack targets at long range, but also to explore thanks to the integrated radar of new generation.Simplified analog version is MiG-31B.
Models letters "D" and "I" are designed to run a small satellite phones.MiG-31LL is air laboratory.Fighter 31M has enhanced weapons and is often used as a bomber.Models "PV" and "E" are export options.
fighter aircraft generation MiG-31 were designed to replace the older versions of the Tu-128 and Su-15.In the fall of 1984 fighters arrived at the location of the Soviet Air Force on the island of Sakhalin.After 10 years on the balance of Russia were about three hundred interceptors.It is these winged machines controlled air during the second Chechen war.In 2014, the government had decided to upgrade all existing in the ranks of the MiG-31.It is expected that in 5-6 years all the old series models will be upgraded to the MiG-31BM.
Today fighters used in exploration.
home and export
have the MiG-31BM specifications, literally dazzling.That is why these fighters as demand in other countries.Nevertheless, the majority of the machine is in the location of Russian Air Force.
Currently 31BM model is based on the 6 military airfields.Most of them are in Elizovo - about 30 units.Following are Borisovsky Khotilovo base (24 pcs.) And central angles (14 pcs.).
leading countries on the content of the export MiG-31 is Kazakhstan.At the airport in Karaganda as part of the 610 th base is 33 fighter.