What kind of people live in Russia?

territory of Russia is great and diverse.In the vastness of its beautiful in its multifaceted nature, the other miracles performed by man already.In addition, the territory of the largest country of the world sheltered dozens of different peoples.This is - the greatest wealth of wonderful hospitable country.

We know that in Russia live many nationalities - Russians, Udmurts, Ukrainians.What kind of people live in Russia yet?After all, in the far corners of the country for centuries inhabited by numerically small and little-known but interesting nation with its own unique culture.

National composition of the population of Russia

reservation at once, that the Russian account for approximately 80% of the total population.A full list of the peoples of Russia would be very great.According to some reports, there are more than 200 different nationalities.These data correspond to the state in 2010.

We begin our acquaintance with the rest of the national composition of Russia's most popular.Major peoples are those that are present on the territory of the State in the amount of more than 1 million.

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Tatars

ratio Tatar people among all others in the country is 3.8%.This nationality has its own language, and most of the regions of propagation.

In addition, it includes several ethnic groups: the Crimean Tatars, Volga-Ural, Siberian and Astrakhan.Most of them live in the Volga region.

Ukrainians

continue our little tour on the subject of what peoples living in Russia, and move on to the Ukrainians.Their number in Russia is 2% of the total population.According to the materials of some historical references, the name of the nation comes from the word "suburb", which served as the basis for the name of the country - Ukraine.

living in the Russian Ukrainians continue to honor their traditions, marking the celebrations of their customs, wearing national costumes.The peculiarity of Ukrainian clothing - embroidery in a variety of schemes.The main colors in the symbolic decoration - red and black.

Bashkirs

ratio of ethnic Bashkirs to the entire population of the country - 1.2%.Territory, where most of these people - the Altai, Tyumen and other regions of Russia (Orenburg, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan and others).

Ethnologists still not agreed where the name of nationality and what it means.The most common interpretation - "Chief Wolf", "separate people", "relative Ugric peoples."Taken together, the different assumptions about 40.

Culture Bashkirov is remarkable their songs, tales, limericks.

Chuvash

Then talk about Chuvashia, responding to a question about what the peoples living in Russia.Chuvash nation is 1.1% of the Russian population.Most Chuvash living in Tatarstan, Samara and many other areas of the country, the Krasnoyarsk Territory.And today their main occupation - crafts, livestock and agriculture.

Culture Chuvash amazingly beautiful and interesting.They have their own well-developed ancient mythology.National clothes are extremely diverse, it has a lot of dozen different kroev, color options.

Chechens Chechens in Russia about 0.9% of the total population.This is one of the most severe ethnic groups in the country.However, they differ with wit, they are inherent courage and endurance.

Feature Chechen songs - deep, with nothing commensurate longing for his own home.Their poetry and songs of exile are many reasons.Such poetry in any other folklore meet.

may notice similarities with the Circassian ethnic Chechen and Lezgin.The explanation for this is a simple, all three peoples are united Caucasus.

And we are continuing to reveal interesting questions about what kind of people live in Russia.

Armenians

The population of Russia Armenians are 0.8%.Their culture is very ancient.Its roots can be traced back to Greek culture.A special flavor of this nation makes their irrepressible joie de vivre and hospitality.

Armenian music appeared BC.And today we know a lot of the world's singers, with Armenian roots.Among them, the French singer Charles Aznavour, David Tuhmanov, Dzhivad Gasparyan and many others.

Clothing Armenians distinguished luxury, pretentiousness.A children's costumes simply irresistible, which is not observed for the other nations.

We now know what peoples living in Russia, but that's not all.In the far corners of the vast country still live people who are not so many in number, but their culture is so diverse and interesting that we just can not think about them.

Small nations

of the people, who number more than 1 million Russians know quite a lot.But there is also the small nations of Russia, about which you can not even hear in my entire life.

So, in the Volga-Vyatka region for many centuries these peoples live as Mari, Mordvinians.Server district - home for Karelia, Komi, Saami, the Nenets.In the Urals, Komi-Perm live, Udmurtia.In the Volga region has long settled Kazakhs and Kalmyks.

Western Siberia - a homeland for the Selkup, Altai, Mansi, Khanty, Shor, Eastern - for Tuva, Buryatia, Khakassia, Dolgan and Evenk.

live in the Far East such peoples as the Yakuts, Koryak, Even, Udege, Nanai, Orochi and a lot of other people, whose number is very small.

feature small nations that they have kept to this day revered their ancient pagan beliefs.They are characterized by adherence to animism (animate objects of nature and animals) and shamanism (belief in shamans - people who speak with the spirits).

How many people live in Russia with?

in 2002 was conducted Europe-wide census.The collected data also included information on the ethnic component of the population.Then it was received interesting information on which peoples live in Russia, and their numbers.

census figures in Russia have shown that the country is home to 160 different nationalities.This figure is huge in comparison with European countries.On average, they are people belonging to ethnic groups 9.5.Worldwide, Russian indices are also high.

Interestingly, in 1989, when the census was conducted similarly in Russia, has compiled a list of 129 nations.The reason for the difference in rates, according to experts, the possibility of self-determination itself as belonging to a particular nationality.Such an opportunity came in 1926.Previously, different peoples of Russia identified themselves as Russian on the basis of geopolitical factors.

Trends in the ratio of nationalities

According to experts in demographic research issues in recent years, the number of Ukrainians in Russia has decreased threefold.Belarusians also became much smaller as Mordovians.

has increased the number of Armenians, Chechens, Azerbaijanis, Tajiks.Some of them even were among those who were more than a million in Russia.

The dynamics in the ratio of nationalities is believed to be influenced by several factors.One of them - the fertility decline, which affected the entire country.Another - this emigration.

left Russia a large number of Jews.Russian Germans also emigrated from the country.

positive trend observed in the small indigenous peoples.They, on the contrary, over the past decade has increased.Thus, we see that the question of what peoples living in Russia, is always important to study because of its dynamics.

A live somewhere only Russian?

We have learned that living in Russia a lot of different nationalities, in addition to Russian.Many who have discovered how many people live in Russia, may be wondering whether there is a country in which they live only Russian.

The answer is clear: the region is completely homogeneous composition of the Russian population there.Approaching this only Central District, Central Black Earth, North-West.All other territory of the country are full of different nationalities.

Conclusions

article we looked at what people live on the territory of Russia, know what they are called and where the most common.Once again we saw how rich the country is not only natural resources, but also human, which is at times more important.

In addition, we learned that the ethnic composition of the Russian population is not even-something static.He changed over the years under the influence of various factors (migration, the ability to self-determination, etc.).

We hope that the article was interesting for you: help to make a mental journey across the expanses of Russia and meet so different, but so hospitable and interesting by its inhabitants.Now we can not hesitate to tell anyone who wants to, if he will wonder what peoples living in Russia.