Since in 1978 was born the first child conceived outside the human body, in vitro fertilization gave millions of women the opportunity to experience the joy of motherhood.Currently, artificial insemination is carried out in many Russian and foreign clinics, helping childless couples to get a long-awaited offspring.
Stages of IVF
At the first clinic visit a doctor inspects the woman, studying history of the disease and lists needed for the analysis procedure.It should be noted that men also have to donate blood and seminal fluid for research.
Once the test results are received, a physician, in the absence of contraindications, a woman enters into the protocol.So it called one attempt treatment by in vitro fertilization, which includes the steps described below.
- Ovarian stimulation.The procedure according to the natural cycle, lasting from ten days to two weeks and is to receive the medication using the largest possible number of follicles.For these purposes are issued to women hormones that cause rapid cell growth.
- puncture.When the egg in the follicles mature, they are extracted by means of a special device, equipped with sensors.Fence cells - rather painful procedure, and therefore performed under general anesthesia.The more mature follicles, the higher the woman's chances of becoming a mother.
- fertilization.While the woman is lying on the operating table, the man delivers semen for future offspring.Embryologists under a microscope connected germ cells of parents and leave them for a day.The next day, they evaluate the results and move the fertilized cells in a special solution, where they will grow for two, three or five days.
- followed by embryo transfer into the uterus.
- is supportive medical therapy.
- Appointed B-hCG test, the results of which can be seen on pregnancy.
How many days the embryo attaches to the uterus?
all women in the minutes, wondering what day comes the attachment of the embryo to the uterus after IVF?It is believed that the blastocyst, an embryo that is transferred on the fifth day of fertilization, is attached to the wall of the uterus during the first day.Although sometimes it can happen later.If the embryos are transferred into the uterus on the second or third day of its existence, before they lock into place, it may take at least two days.
mode after the transfer of women
Although the benefits of bed rest and not proven, most doctors are inclined to believe that it is better to lie down, will take place until the attachment of the embryo to the uterus.On a day to get up, you need to decide on the basis of the patient's state of health.The most optimal - it is to stay in bed the first two days after the transfer, then it is necessary to move.This is due to the fact that a still life provokes stagnation of blood in the pelvis, making it difficult to attach the embryo to the uterus.On what day after IVF to go to work - you decide.The hospital issued a certificate, relieved of work duties for one week, but in reality women undergoing in vitro fertilization procedure is not a disability.
If you decide to go to work, try to sit at the computer less, arranging themselves short walks during the day.Also, do not forget that you can not lift weights, as well as jump and raise his hands above his head.Compliance with these rules will greatly increase the chances of the embryo attaching to the uterus.On what day after the transfer, you can donate blood for the pregnancy hormone, tell your doctor.Many women before the blood test trying to figure out its position with the help of a pregnancy test.Doctors do not recommend using them and call waiting for the day of analysis, since the content of the hormone in the urine several times lower than in blood, and the test may be false-negative.
A superfluous emotions adversely affect the attachment of the embryo to the uterus.On what day he was appointed the analysis?Agree, it is necessary not to wait so long, but the recommendations of doctors and patience will relieve you from the negative emotions.
Signs ensuing pregnancy
Since the process of artificial insemination technique is accompanied by a large number of hormones, to define a pregnancy for some features quite difficult.All applied medications create the background pregnancy, which supports the attachment of the embryo to the uterus.On what day of the cycle came missed period when artificial insemination is also not seen as an important indicator.
According to numerous reviews of women undergoing IVF, the only sign of the ensuing pregnancy is a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen.It comes gradually, and this makes it impossible to determine on which day happens the attachment of the embryo to the uterus.Signs ensuing pregnancy can also be a serious threat to the health and sometimes the life of the woman.This applies to such a formidable companion IVF is ovarian hyperstimulation.
hyperstimulation syndrome This syndrome is a formidable companion ovarian superovulation significantly complicating the whole process IVF treatment.For example, if the syndrome developed immediately after egg retrieval, doctors lay embryo transfer to the next cycle.The most characteristic symptoms of hyperstimulation are such feelings as:
- distension in the abdomen;
- infrequent urination;
- violation of the chair;
- nausea, vomiting;
- shortness of breath;
- increase in abdominal circumference;
- pain near the ovaries.
In addition, when ultrasound diagnosis of abdominal free liquid is determined.
syndrome can occur as a response to the attachment of the embryo to the uterus.On what day can feel begun hyperstimulation, is difficult to answer.It all depends on the overall condition of the woman and took her number of cells.
Factors affecting the attachment of the embryo to the uterus
According to statistics, the chance of pregnancy after IVF is approximately 40%, and it is provided that a woman younger than 35 years.After this age, the success rate is greatly reduced.They say some doctors, it's a lottery - you are lucky or not.Indeed, many women get pregnant on the first try, but there are those who, before becoming mothers go through IVF about ten times.
For these women, there are some recommendations to improve the chances of the embryo attaching to the uterus.On what day will be assigned to the transfer, what to eat, what to drink, how to behave - all matters.So first of all it is worth noting that it would be better if the embryos will grow, and will transfer them to the fifth or sixth day after the puncture.In addition, to increase the chances of pregnancy, a few days before the transfer should start to drink tablets "piroxicam".French scientists have shown that this drug increases the chances of multiple attachment of the embryo to the uterus.On what day to start taking it, opinions vary: someone drinks a few days, and someone thinks that is enough to take one tablet before transfer.Also, the chances will increase if throughout the Protocol to eat protein foods and drink plenty of fluids.
life after a positive test
most difficult step on the road to motherhood passed.To pregnancy was easy, try to walk more in the fresh air, eat protein foods, do not be nervous and being careful to medical prescription.Remember that a lot of pregnancies obtained by IVF are lost due to improper use of drugs.Also, in any case, do not cancel themselves hormonal therapy, wait for it to do your doctor.Normally, to support the work of the corpus luteum discharged "Urozhestan", it should be used until about the 20th week of pregnancy.Stop taking drugs that are responsible for the production of progesterone, the doctor will allow a little earlier - somewhere in the 16-17 weeks.