Tactics - the science of warfare

Tactics - is a concept that applies to many areas of life.But once the word was a military term.Translated from the Greek - the art of building the soldiers in the ranks.Today the term refers to much more - a theoretical basis and practice of preparation and conduct of combat at sea, on land and in the air.This discipline includes the study of various types of military activities: defense, attack, regrouping, and so on.

Almost all history people fought with each other for resources, territory, slaves, money.Simple actions on the battlefield gave way to more elaborate and complex.Weapons are also gradually becoming more efficient.

tactics - is the science of warfare, which first developed the ancient inhabitants of Greece.The Greek army before the war with the Persians was a close-knit phalanx of spearmen, hoplites, equipped with helmets.Thus, the main type of warfare was a frontal attack.However, such a primitive tactic - this is the reason not only wins, but a series of defeats.Hoplites were very vulnerable to attack cavalry.In addition, their system was very rigid.The first, who reformed the usual tactic was a brilliant general Epaminondas.It distributes the forces along the front irregularly outlined for the main categories of impact.Alexander improved his legacy.It is the combined action of various types of troops.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire and to the massive use of military firearms tactical science developed poorly.However, major changes have occurred since the beginning of the French Revolution.In several European countries were large army based on general conscription.Linear tactics are no longer used in combat combined steel columns and skirmishing.The appearance of rifle again made their adjustments.Columns and skirmishing thing of the past, troops began moving dashes, dig in the borrowing position.Blows were combined with maneuvers.

of the First World War, most European armies tactics - is the transition to positional forms of combat.The attack was to occur in a few "waves" of soldiers armed with small arms.In some areas, they assisted the enemy artillery shelling.The aim of the attacks was the capture fortified enemy positions.But as a rule, the attack "waves" was ineffective.Very often, it ends up being the attackers turned into a pile of corpses.That is why in those years developed the first armored fighting vehicles on tracks, armed with machine guns.

applied by the Soviet Union during the Second World Tactics - are actions based on the doctrine of "deep battle".In accordance with it, the attack was to begin firing artillery and air strikes.Then came the breakthrough of defense.The infantry attacked with tanks.The main force became soldiers and combat vehicles.

used in modern warfare tactics based on the interaction of different types of troops.But the main means of destruction of the enemy - a combination of air strikes with artillery, infantry fighting vehicles or armored personnel carrier vehicles and tanks.In modern conditions, the battle is fleeting, and the victory is achieved when the benefits of one of the parties in the technique, agility.Among other things, the morale of the soldiers is still an important condition for their ability to act.Modern Tactics War also allows for the possibility of nuclear strikes, which could dramatically change the situation.Chemical or biological agents may also to some extent affect the outcome of the battle.The concept of "a tactic of war" today has several different content than, say, a hundred years ago.Fighting often conducted with pre-emptive strikes, using sophisticated equipment, the destruction of the enemy's resources, which would allow him to continue the resistance.