All school years were the subject of the Russian language "noun" and knew about the ending of nouns, if not all, almost everything. Someone remembers the lessons, some not, but almost any of us do not have the information fully.Did you know that school and university curricula differ significantly in morphology?It would seem that there can be any difference?But, nevertheless, it is.We will not delve into the academic program, just remember that a noun, and the role played by the end of nouns.
What is a noun?
noun is a part of speech, indicating object (substance), and expresses its value with the inflectional categories of case and number and kind of neslovoizmenitelnoy category.
nouns tend to name objects in the broadest sense:
- things ( window, wall, pants );
- person ( people, man, woman );
- substance ( sugar, flour, milk );
- living creatures and organisms ( dog, pike, viruses, bacteria );
- facts, events, phenomena ( talk, play, fear, sadness ).
In addition, it can give names to separate substances with the procedural and non-procedural characteristics.These include the quality of the properties and actions, as well as procedural representation of a:
As already mentioned, the noun has inflectional categories of case.Mortality - a category of words directly related to the decline.Declination - a change in the number and parties.Grammatically, this change manifests itself in this part of the word, as the end of nouns.But not all of them are inclined the same way: in different nouns in the form of the same mortality may have different endings.What tells us the end of the nouns?On their belonging to this or that type of decline.Type declension noun combines common rules for the inflection.Total three types of declensions.
For the first declension is characterized by such termination as -a, -n, when a noun is in the nominative singular: land , wave .Basically they are all feminine, except for some words (eg, uncle or boy ).
End of the second declension of nouns - -o, -e -e to neuter: sea window rags .Also here are the nouns without case endings masculine: horse table edge .
to this decline include no case endings of nouns is feminine: mouse rye .Naturally, in the singular nominative.
Proper nouns and common nouns.Category animate
Nouns are traditionally divided into proper and common nouns.Own - those that are used for naming the individual items not included in a particular class.Nick-called object, which is the bearer of a set of attributes peculiar to a particular class.Animate nouns - the ones that are called living beings and inanimate, respectively - all other objects and phenomena.So we repeated the basic rules regarding the nouns, a little refresher.And now you can say for sure that you remember the curriculum of the Russian language.