Peat as a fertilizer for your site

aerated layer of the bog gradually accumulate remains of dead plants.They gimifitsiruyutsya and mineralized.Roots of dead plants that are under anaerobic conditions, preserved in this medium.Thus, gradually, a layer of peat.The intensity of the decay of organic matter in such conditions depends on the plant species, caught in the swamp.Its upper layer was aerated called "acrotelm horizon", since it is the formation of new layers of the substance.The composition of the resulting material includes chemicals such as carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen.Extract it more often in most of these bogs.They are called peatlands.Their areas are sometimes enormous.

peat as a fertilizer can be a very effective tool.However, if it falls apart on the field, it will do nothing.In addition, misuse of funds only harm plants, AK PDA it will increase the acidity of the soil and enrich it with pests.In addition, it is important to bear in mind that peat as a fertilizer does not soil nutrients, but only improves its structure, making it more friable.It is partly acts as an antiseptic.Therefore, if your site soil contains humus and has the optimum composition for her grew vegetables and fruits, it means nothing.But if the soil sandy or there is not enough organic matter, then you should use peat as a fertilizer for your garden.

Important indicators of the quality of the material - the degree of decomposition and the level of ash after combustion.If the first one is above forty percent, such peat is not suitable as a greenhouse soil.Also, it is an important indicator of the extent to which it is saturated with useful substances.The more, the lower the acidity, the suitability of peat as a fertilizer.How to determine the pH?There are specific indicators for this.But what if you have a problem to get them?You can then use a different method.In a glass of clear glass put a few leaves of cherry or black currant and pour boiling water.Once the liquid has cooled, roll to a small lump of peat.Now observe how the water changes color.If it turns red, then the acidity of peat increased.The blue color indicates that this figure is an average.Finally, if the water is turned green, then substantially neutral acidity.It is also possible to determine by how looks peat.If you notice it cut a strip of white, resembling ash, it indicates a high acidity.How to reduce it?For this purpose, slaked lime, chalk and dolomite flour in certain quantities.

As mentioned above, the peat - fertilizer, which can not just take and throw on the field.First, it needs to be treated.Even before the peat brought in bags, it is desirable to check the acidity of the samples.Then, it must be prepared by composting.Before that peat should be dry and ventilated, shoveled it several times.Like his punch?This is done by mixing peat with dung or feces.These substances are stacked in piles.When this layer of manure (10 cm) and turf (40 cm) can be individually pour lime (150 grams per square meter).Every ten days, the pile is wetted with water and shovel periodically during the summer.If you are preparing a peat-fecal compost, then that it is not bred egg parasite in the early days did not solidify it.This is to ensure that the temperature has risen, contributing to the destruction of unwanted organisms.