with technological progress related to many casualties.Do not believe me?Look at the statistics: the number of fatalities in road accidents is much higher than the number of deaths as a result of a fall from a horse.The modern man is surrounded by machine-killers from hair dryers in the bathroom to the TV, which can explode.Science fiction has long been solved this problem: not to be afraid of machines, it is necessary to become a machine.By the way, a man cyborg may become a reality soon.After all, progress is not in place.Cyborg - who is all this?Let's face it.
They are among us
So many cyborg - a Robocop, Terminator and other characters from the screen.Let us remember the brightest and most iconic of them.
Terminator (T800 model).This is known to all the cyborg played by Arnold Schwarzenegger.His famous «I'll be back» and «Hasta la vista, baby» know everything, even those who never watched the saga.The film was a huge success, so the authors have removed more than one sequel.And even in 2015 it is planned the next part of the "Terminator".
Robocop - cyborg cop.According to the script of his company produced "OCP" and served as the basis of the Police Department officer Alex Murphy.The film was shot in 1987, and in 2014 he released his remake.
Another painting that has received universal recognition - is "Universal Soldier": cyborg cyborg confronts Van Damme Lundgren.
Still, the very first real cyber man was not in the movie Terminator or Robocop, as you might think, and wheezing and whistling character from "Star Wars."It Anakin Skywalker, or rather what's left of it, in a special life-supporting suit.It was he who paved the way for the rest of the "brethren" in a great movie.The cult series "Doctor Who" also tells the story of the rebellion of cyborgs, came from the 10th planet of the solar system.
However, the film - is not the only arena for cyber men.They are in large quantities can be found in the world of fighting game (computer games) - «Mortal Kombat», «Soul Calibur» and others.Also today are very popular all sorts of designers, toys, figurines, etc.For example, Lego-cyborgs.
will understand the term.The conventional understanding of a cyborg - a bionic man, ie,a creature with a mechanical body.This term appeared somewhere in the early 60s.The word "cyborg» (cyborg) contains two concepts.The first - cybernetic (cybernetic), the second - organism (the body).This term refers to "living body", which has been improved with the help of special mechanical means.
Technological progress has its particularity: the desire for minimalism.For large landlines turned into small cell, which we carry with them every day.Players, watches, phones, tablets - now a man without them, as without hands.Thus, people and technology evolve together.And it is possible that sooner or later it will be the beginning for real cyborgs.
Not real, by the way, there are today.These are people who wear dentures, pacemakers, titanium plates in the bones, hearing aids, contact lenses and ceramic teeth, after all.Now imagine that somewhere there is a person who at the same time all this is set.Is it not a cyborg?
Today such a person - rather, it is an invalid than a super-hero on the screen.While implantable devices only compensate for disadvantages, but over time this will change.This may lead to increased physical capacity of man.
robot or cyborg
cyborg - who is this?A living organism, which is a mechanical device?Or a robot that contains biological components?Initially, a cyborg called the man who was on the verge of dying.All mechanical devices were replacing him what he was absent due to certain circumstances.Technical implants arms, legs, internal organs, etc.Today, cyborgs became known even purebred robots that never before were not even people.For example, the termination of the saga of the same name.Still, it's wrong.
Terminators (T800, for example), and others like him - are machines, robots.Kiborgi - is, primarily people living biological substance.So called terminator cyborg is not correct.It is appropriate to the word "android".
Over the past 50 years, humanity has advanced far in the field of organic chemistry.Today it is possible to replace up to 60% of the human body.The highest achievements - in the field of artificial limbs.An innovation was the creation of the company Touch Bionics bionic prosthesis i-Limb.This device is able to read the signals from the rest of the limb muscles and interpret the movements that a person is trying to do.
most breakthrough invention is considered to be an artificial limb, presented Defense Technology Agency (DARPA).The peculiarity of this prosthesis is that you can control it mentally!The device connects to the muscle tissue, thereby reading the brain waves.This, of course, not the only developments in this field.But they all have one common fat minus: the high cost and complexity of use.
At the moment it is the simple replacement of something in the body.Most often, artificial bones made of titanium.However, since then, it has become widely used as a 3D-press, and use high-precision plastic components.
might and main are to strengthen the development of the skeleton.Scientists are developing a new technology: the reinforcement concrete bone using titanium powder and polyurethane foam.This should allow the implant to acquire a porous structure of the bone tissue, which in turn would increase the skeleton.It is not known whether these developments are successfully completed and to find practical applications, but the idea of standing.
artificially reproduce internal organs is much harder than bone or limb.However, progress is not standing still.Medicine has progressed furthest in the field of artificial heart.And every day the technology is getting better.Scientists predict the imminent creation of artificial eyes and kidneys.There is progress in the work of the liver.However, while it is only development.
soon plans to study the bowel, bladder, lymphatic system, spleen and gall bladder.And as for the most important and complex organ of the human body?
This is perhaps the most difficult task.There are two stages.The first - the creation of artificial intelligence.Second - to play the structure of the brain.Engineers with the help of computer technology constantly trying to repeat the neural network of the thinking body of man.However, it is far to the brain.For example, a software simulator Spaun 2.5 hours projected that our main organ plays for 1 second.Another project called SyNAPSE can simulate about 530 billion neurons, thereby keeping up the brain in 1500 times.
However, to create a neural network - this is not all.It is necessary to make the "think".Ieto create artificial intelligence.At this stage, it is empty.There is little progress at Apple - the so-called Siri.But that's it.In general, many scholars put forward a doubt that at this stage of development of humanity is capable of something like that.
Cyborg - is it real?
So how much humanity is close to that to create this cyborg with a lively brain and a metal body?You can reply this way: in the next twenty years, it is unlikely technologically possible.
It is believed that in the future may be cyborgs with artificially grown in the laboratory body, not metal.These "people" will have improved ability.But as they were to be called?
Still, the main reason is the unwillingness of people to accept the existence of cyber-people.Remember how hard society is getting used to the idea of cloning.Some believe that it is unnatural and contrary to the will of the Creator.Other shackled by fear for their future, representing the rebellion cyborgs and complete destruction of all living things.Of course, this idea there are many supporters.But, most likely, it will require more than a decade, until the social and religious differences fade away.
Today, the development of biotechnology is at an early stage.Therefore, it is difficult to even imagine that itself will represent a cyborg future.But one thing is clear, that the famous cyborg cop will remain a fantasy film director, which was not destined to become a reality.