Municipal Management and its features

Municipal management - is the administrative and economic activities of local authorities, aimed at the maintenance and development of social and industrial infrastructure of the city or other settlement, as well as management of institutions that are owned by the city / of village communities.Such activities are carried out within the municipal boundaries of acceptance and approval in accordance with the deputies to the General Plan development of the territory.

Municipal management is not directly a form of political administration.However, according to the current Russian Constitution, local authorities are included in a single system of state power.Therefore, municipalities received economic, social and administrative decisions are executed within the legal norms established by the federal government.

system of state and municipal administration differ in functionality, and on legal criteria.For government is increasingly characterized by a mission of general monitoring of compliance with the

federal legislation in a particular area.At the same time, the municipal administration employed economic development of the settlement.In particular, we are talking about support and modernization of transport infrastructure, social services (medicine, education, local social programs), the collection and redistribution of local taxes.A special place in this list are regional development programs, which are usually aimed at the technological specialization of the economy of the municipality.

other words, the municipal administration - is a set of economic, social and legal impact on local communities, aimed at increasing its economic prosperity.Local governments have the right to determine the goals and objectives of the territory, which do not contradict federal law.

In total, municipal management has such features as:

- the adoption of the local budget and the regional administration of taxes;

- building a comfortable, autonomous in relation to the federal government a model of economic development, in particular, the right to administrative and bureaucratic structures to manage municipal property;

- involvement of the public to address the most important issues, in particular through local referenda.

In addition, the functions of the municipality includes the management of municipal property.The most problematic issues are the support and modernization of housing and communal services, transport infrastructure and the physical condition of the housing stock.The fact that most businesses are responsible for the development of housing and communal services, or privatized, or sold to private owners.However, utilities are still in municipal property, and because there is a problem of combining the interests of the local community, the administration and settlement of the owners of energy companies.

The situation is similar with regard to transport infrastructure.It turns out that the roads and interchanges in the main state or municipal, while transport - private.Accordingly, the question arises of how to manage the property, which belongs to the administrative, but not economically.And this despite the fact that regional economic programs and administration of local taxes - the basis of the municipal government.