Word - a raw material for the construction of any language.Of these proposals are based and phrases, with their help, we give thought communicate.The ability of this unit to call or denote objects, actions, etc.It called nominative (nominative) function.Suitability words to communicate, transmit thoughts behalf of its cognitive function.
Thus, the word - this is the main, the main structural unit of the language.
Each word in the Russian language has lexical and grammatical meaning.
called lexical relation of sound (phonetic) Your words, his playing with the phenomena of reality, images, objects, actions, etc.we can say simply: this is the meaning.On the lexical point of view, the word "barrel", "bump", "point" - different units, because they refer to different subjects.
grammatical meaning of the word - is the value of its forms: gender or number, case or conjugation.If the word "barrel", "point" is considered grammatically, they are exactly the same: beings.feminine, standing in the nominative case and unities.including.
If you compare lexical and grammatical meaning of the word, we can see that they are not the same, but interrelated.The lexical meaning of each of them is universal, as enshrined in the main root.(For example: "son", "son", "sonny", "son").
grammatical meaning of the word is transmitted by preformative morpheme: formative endings and suffixes.Thus, the lexical meaning of the word "forest", "forester", "Forester" would be pretty close: their meaning is determined by the root of the "forest".From a grammatical point of view, they are completely different: the two nouns and adjectives.
On the contrary, the word "come", "come", "ran", "passed over", "flew", "shot down" will be similar to the grammatical pattern.It verbs, standing in the form of the past tense, which are formed by adding the suffix "L".
From the examples it can be concluded: the grammatical meaning of the word - is that it belongs to the part of speech, the total value of a number of similar units that are not tied to their particular duffel (semantic) content."Mom," "Dad," "Homeland" - beings.1 inducement, standing in the form of IP, unity.number."Owl", "mouse", "youth" - a feminine.kind 3 declination standing in RPThe grammatical meaning of the "reds", "huge", "wooden" indicates that this is the adjective in the form of her husband.kind of unique.number, IPIt is clear that the lexical meaning of the words is different.
grammatical meaning of the word is expressed in a certain form, the corresponding position words in a sentence (or phrase), is expressed by the grammatical means.Most often these are affixes, but often formed grammatical form with the help of auxiliary words, accents, word order and intonation.
From the manner in which the form is formed, it depends directly on the form (name).
Simple (also called synthetic) grammatical forms are formed inside the unit (via terminals or shaping the suffix).Case forms (no) mother, a daughter, a son of the motherland are formed with the help of endings.Past tense verb "wrote", "jumped" - with the suffix zero and end, and the verb "jumped" - with the suffix "L" and the end of "a".
Some forms of tokens is formed, rather than inside it.In this case, there is a need for official word.For example, verbs such as "will sing" and "let's sing" formed with the help of words (verbs).The words "shall" and "let" in this case does not have a lexical meaning.They need to create forms of expression.In the first case - the future tense, and the second - the causative mood.These forms are called complex or analytical.
Grammar values are determined in the system or cluster kinds, number, etc.