Interpersonal communication: functions, types and

Interpersonal communication - verbal form of communication, which performs several functions:

  • information and communication, that is implies a communication between partners;
  • regulatory and communicative, as there is a development of rules and standards of conduct;
  • affective and communicative as it is able to create a psychological discharge.

The following types of interpersonal communication.

Firstly, formal, when there is no desire to understand and take into account the personality traits of his interlocutor.And respected familiar "mask" rigor, courtesy, indifference, humility, compassion, etc., as well as a standard set of gestures, phrases, facial expressions.This will hide the real emotions and attitude to his interlocutor.

Second, primitive interpersonal communication.This type of assessment is carried out with a different point of view is needed or not.If the communication partner are interested, contact with him actively, otherwise the - repel or avoid.

Third, functional-role interpersonal communication, which is based on the social status of partner (slave-chief of the student-teacher, buyer-seller).In this type of "work" hard expectations and norms, means and content of communication regulated.Therefore, he is the source of the social role of the background.

Fourth, business communication means that you must take into account the features of the person, age, character and mood of the interlocutor.Business interests will always come to the fore, the second - the possible differences in views and opinions.There is a goal, it aims to reach any substantive agreement.

Fifth, spiritual interpersonal communication.This communication takes place between close persons and provides a conversation on any topic.Partners will be able to understand each other's movements, facial expression and intonation.Such interpersonal communication is possible if the sides know each other well.

Sixth, secular type of communication has to meet accepted standards in the society.In the process of communication people usually will not say what he thinks, and what is needed in a given situation.The secular nature of the different type of communication, and the presence of special closeness Code: tact, politeness, consent, approval, affection.

Seventh, manipulative interpersonal communication purports to benefit from the interlocutor.A partner who has similar goals will be able to use a variety of techniques - flattery, demonstrating kindness, intimidation, blackmail, deception.

In social psychology, the following types of interpersonal communication:

  • imperative;
  • manipulation;
  • dialogue.

Imperative interpersonal communication is authoritarian, prescriptive form of influence on their partner to control his behavior and compel action.The peculiarity of communication that this goal nezavualirovana.To achieve this, use the instructions, orders, demands and requirements.

Manipulation is a common form of interpersonal communication, which involves the impact on the interlocutor to achieve the hidden intentions and goals.But they are hidden from a partner, or as substitute for the other.

dialog communication takes into account the installation as well as the opinion of the interlocutor.It is built on the basis of certain rules of engagement.This is the psychological mood in the communication;bezotsenochnoe perceived as an equal partner, with the right to opinion and decision;the presence of the personification of dialogue.