Mushrooms can be fatal, edible, magic, incredibly beautiful and completely unremarkable.In this article we consider the most unusual mushrooms.Photos with names will also be presented.
Panellus stipticus (panellyus)
This common species grows in Europe, Australia, North America and Asia.Such unusual mushrooms grow in clusters on stumps, logs and tree trunks, especially birches, beeches and oaks.
Lactarius indigo (Lactarius indigo)
fairly common type of fungus that grows in eastern North America, except in Asia and Central America.It grows on the ground in coniferous and deciduous forests.In fresh mushrooms color dark blue, the old - a pale blue.Milk, which secrete these unusual mushrooms, if they break or cut, and blue hue.Cap diameter is 15 cm, leg height - up to 8 cm in thickness - up to 2.5 cm. The edible fungus.It is sold in the markets of Mexico, China and Guatemala.
Tremella mesenterica (Tremella Mesenterica)
This fungus grows most of the dead trees, as well as their fallen branches.The orange-yellow gelatinous body has a winding surface becoming slippery and sticky in the rain.These unusual mushrooms grow in the cracks of the bark, while appearing in the rain.After the rain passed, it dries up, turning into a wrinkled mass or a thin film capable of again reborn from moisture.It is widespread in the mixed forests in tropical and temperate regions, including Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, South and North America.The fungus can be used in food, but it is tasteless.
Clavaria zollingeri (klavariya pale brown)
This is a common species.These unusual mushrooms have a pinkish-lilac or purple tube-shaped body that grows to a height of 10 cm and a width of 7 cm. The tips of the thin and brittle branches mostly rounded and brownish.It saprobity kind of absorbing nutrients in the digestion of organic matter.Generally it is growing on the ground.
Rhodotus palmatus (rhodotus)
considering the most unusual in the world of mushrooms, not to mention about that.He is the only representative of the family Physalacriaceae.Few common.It is collected in North Africa, eastern North America and in Europe, where its numbers fall very rapidly.Mainly grows on logs and stumps solid rotting trees.Mature individuals of different "venoobraznoy" characteristic surface and a pinkish color.
Geastrum saccatum (geastrum bag-shaped)
grows on rotting trees in Europe and North America.Mushroom pickers it is considered unfit for food due to its bitter taste.It is a common view, and the peak of his duties is in August.It is believed that the hole located on the outer layer of his body, has a star-shaped due to the gathering of calcium oxalate, which occurs just before its opening.This fungus in Brazil was named "Star of the earth."
Aseroe rubra (sea anemones)
sea anemones quite widespread and well recognizable due to the shape of the starfish and its odor of rot.It grows on the forest floor in the gardens, reminiscent of a bright red star on top of slimy brown color and has a white foot.Attracts flies.
Polyporus squamosus (Polyporus squamosus)
Such unusually shaped mushrooms are common type that grows in Europe, Australia, North America and Asia.The trees they cause rot white."Dryads Saddle" - is its alternative name, which refers to the dryads of Greek mythology that these mushrooms could drive.
Clavulinopsis corallinorosacea (coral fungus)
fungus so called because of its similarity to the sea coral.They have bright colors - orange, red or yellow.They mainly grow in old forests.While some coral symbiotic fungi, and others - saprotrophic or parasitic.
Amanita caesarea (Amanita Caesarea)
This is a very unusual edible mushrooms growing in North America and Southern Europe.They were first described in 1772 by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli.The fungus has a bright orange hat and yellow spore-bearing plate and the leg.He was very fond of the ancient Romans, calling it "boletus".
Lycoperdon umbrinum (brown raincoat)
This type of mushroom grows in North America, Europe and China.He does not have an open cap.Disputes arise inside him, in a spherical elastic body.Disputes maturing in the center of the body form Gleb, which has a characteristic texture and color.
Mycena interrupta (mycena)
Examining the most unusual mushrooms, not to mention the Mitsen.It grows in New Zealand, New Caledonia, Australia and Chile.Mushroom caps up to 2 cm in diameter. It is painted in bright blue color.At the moment when the fungus appear, they have a spherical shape, wherein at least maturation expanded.Hats for the type of slippery and sticky.
Morchella conica (Morchella conica)
This unusual edible fungus, resembling the top of the cell.They consist of a network of wavy strips having small cavities interconnected.Morel conical greatly appreciated by gourmets, the French cuisine in particular.At mushroom it is very popular because of its pleasant taste.
Xanthoria elegans (Ksantor elegant)
This mushroom grows only on the rocks near the burrows of rodents or bird perches.It is the nature of the lichen.He is one of the first lichens used in dating rock surfaces.It grows very slowly (0.5 mm per year), after 10 years of its growth is slowing even more.
Amanita muscaria (Amanita muscaria)
famous mushroom - is a poisonous and psychoactive basidiomycete.Red hat with scattered white dots on it - who did not see the mushroom?He is considered one of the most famous mushroom in the world.Grow the mushrooms in such an unusual Baikal, as well as the entire northern hemisphere.Despite the fact that the mushroom is considered poisonous, no confirmed cases of poisoning, while in some parts of North America, Asia and Europe it generally eaten after blanching.He has hallucinogenic properties, as its main component - muscimol.Some residents of Siberia, it is used as an entheogen in these cultures it has great religious significance.
Gyromitra esculenta (false morel)
It is very similar in appearance mind, just brown or dark purple.It is also called "steak", because when properly prepared, it is a delicacy.If you are cooking skills of the fungus do not own, then this dish can be fatal.It is poisonous in its raw form, and before you use it in a recipe, it must be steamed.
Trametes versicolor (Trametes versicolor)
continue to explore unusual mushrooms, a photo with the names of which are presented in this article.Trametes versicolor grows everywhere.It grows mainly in the trunks of dead trees, and is unique for its bright, colorful stripes.In the usual sense, it is inedible, although it is often used in classical Chinese medicine.Not so long ago, scientists found that the mushroom contained in this substance improves the immune system and can also be used as an auxiliary component in the treatment of oncology.
Hericium erinaceus (Hericium erinaceus)
This fungus is also called the "lion's mane", "bearded tooth" and "monkey head".But at first glance, any association with the fungus does not occur.It grows on trees, while in the prepared form more closely resembles in texture and color of seafood.Mushroom not only has wonderful taste, but also is used in classical Chinese medicine, reducing the blood glucose level and having excellent anti-oxidant properties.
Entoloma hochstetteri (sky blue fungus)
unusual mushrooms, which have the photo in the article, include your list and sky blue.This fungus lives in the forests of India and New Zealand.It can be toxic, although its toxicity is little studied.The distinctive blue color of the fungus acquired by azulina pigment, which is contained in the fruit body.It is also found in various marine invertebrates.
Chorioactis (cigar devil)
star-shaped mushroom, called "cigar devil", is considered one of the rarest in the world.It is also known as the "Star of Texas" and was found only in the central part of the state, a 2-remote areas in the mountains of Japan and Nara.If we consider the mushrooms with unusual shapes, that takes its rightful place in the list.It is a cigar-shaped dark brown capsule receiving the disclosure of a star shape to release their spores.The amazing fact is that the world is the only fungus that produces a whistling sound when you release their spores.
Mutinus caninus (mutinus caninus)
This fungus is known as "mutinus caninus."It looks like a forest mushroom in a thin shape of a phallus, has a dark tip.It grows mainly in small groups or on a pile of hardwood dust of wood, it can be found in the autumn and summer in the eastern part of North America and Europe.This kind of mushroom is unfit for food.
Nidulariaceae (bird's nest)
In this article, we looked at the most unusual in the world of mushrooms.But it is impossible not to mention about this kind.Bird's nest - a small group of fungi, which are mainly found in New Zealand.The name they owe their appearance, which resembles a small bird's nest with eggs.This form is used by the fungus to spread their spores - Collect rainwater pressure jetted together with disputes over a distance up to 1 meter.
Hydnellum peckii (bleeding tooth)
Such unusual mushrooms grow in the world's coniferous forests in America and Europe as well as in the north-west Pacific.They also recently seen in Korea and Iran.At the fungus rather frightening appearance - on velvet white surface emerge from its long drop of red or pink liquid resembling blood.
fungus is not toxic, though it does not need to try, because it has a bitter taste to deter predators and people.Scientists have analyzed the liquid and found that it contains atromentin - a substance that prevents blood clots and rapid blood clotting.
In this article, we looked at the most unusual fungi on the planet.Many are surprising and even appetizing view.But be careful in the use of fungi in food - some of them can cause irreparable damage to your health and lead to death.