attention begins to develop in very young children still in the neonatal period.The most important thing to focus on what may be a child - it's the mother's breast that feeds him, gives a sense of the presence of the mother.Gradually, in the reception area gets her face, hands, hair and body; forming a complete image of the parent figure.In contact with other family members who talk, play, take the hand, continues to be formed involuntary attention.Psychology states the fact that the third month of life the child responds to the complex revitalization of several people: a father, mother, nanny, grandmother and older brother (sister).Volume increased attention, but remains a long time involuntary, that is,depends on how interests of the child object.
With age comes the development of attention.Psychology of preschool age draws attention to its stability and switching.The dynamics of stability can be checked using simple pictures of developing magazines for preschoolers:
1. The child is 5 years old is offered a couple of pictures with a few differences.The first task may be asked to perform with the use of drawings where there are 10 differences, but next time, increasing their number to 15.
2. Illustrations are chosen absurd content and given the task: to name something that is represented incorrectly.
3. Preschoolers offer to paint the second part nedorisovannoy pictures.The ability to choose the right color, to perform the task before the end indicates that the attention span becomes stable.
distraction from the task execution, the absence of a child is fixed by the researcher.The dynamics can be seen in comparison with the previous age period.
Theory attention LSVygotsky, DBElkonin preschool teacher help verify the mediation of attention pupil.For this purpose drawn up a number of issues in terms of the game explained that the responses can not be called when the white and blue.For example, "What color is grass?Bathrobe doctor? "The more time a child spends on reflection questions, search for answers, the less it has developed indirect attention.Psychology knows many examples where children are on their own tend to develop this kind of attention, playing games, "Yes and no I do not say black and white do not call", "flies - do not fly," "Edible - not edible" and others.
can simultaneously develop children's orientation on the paper, and to train the ability to switch attention and redistribute.Psychology junior student helps motivate such actions, it promotes quality training for school.Children are invited to perform at the dictation of the adult figure, drawing a line on the cell down, left or up.The result should be a string or an image of the pattern on a sheet of paper.Otherwise this task is called "Dictation Elkonin", which is carried out by checking the level of readiness of children for school.
Many parents know that quality and a balanced diet can also help develop attention.Psychology - not only science that deals with the improvement of cognitive processes in children.Nutritionists advise to be sure to use the weakening of attention to sweet tea, becauseSugar is an energy source for the brain.To maintain the concentration recommended protein foods: meat, fish, dairy products, which create a feeling of satiety for a long time, without overloading the stomach, without provoking the appearance of relaxation after eating.Olive oil, nuts and chocolate are sources of vitamin E, which helps to renew the cells of the brain and bone, it helps to eliminate toxins, protects against neuronal death in the brain.
effective development of attention in children of preschool age is possible with an integrated approach: the formation of cognitive processes with special games and exercises, tracking the dynamics of their improvement and with the support of the body with vitamins that stimulate the development of the human brain.