On the question of where is Jurmala, perhaps, able to answer any modern man.Even schoolchildren know that this city is best not visible on the globe as a whole (where you just do not find it), and on the map Latvia.
however, agree that the geographical location - it's not all of what it should be remembered this wonderful village.
This article will explain in more detail not only about where to Jurmala, but also about the city itself.Also, the reader learns how the geographic location affects the climate, natural features, flora and fauna of the region.
Jurmala - the city is considered the largest Baltic resort - located on the coast of the Gulf of Riga, stretching along it for a few tens of kilometers.
Today Latvian city consists of 15 districts, the most famous of which - Jaunkemeri, Bulduri, Majori, Dzintari and Dubulti Vaivari.
known that since the beginning of the Riga seaside resort was considered bohemian.The question of where to stay in Jurmala, not just interested members of the aristocracy and the top military echelon.
way, it should be noted that a modern city also has not lost its charm and is popular with many holidaymakers.It turns out that that is where Jurmala, it is known to several generations.
Baltic Pearl is famous for its clean beaches, unique natural parks and cultural attractions.A favorable climate, salubrious sea air and mineral springs have healing effect on the human body.
How did Jurmala?
Settlement represents a long strip of land more than 40 kilometers between the Gulf of Riga and the river Lielupe.In 32 of them are sandy beaches, many of which are assigned to the blue flags of the EU.This seal of quality includes not only the level of service, but also ecological safety of beaches and the sea shore.
Through sand, sun, sea and pine trees appeared Riga seaside resort.But to the natural conditions required to further the development of an appropriate infrastructure.Of particular importance was the emergence of transportation.Ever since the XVI century in Lielupe river delta exist ferry.From Riga to Kurzeme ran along the sea imperial road.But in those days about the resort was not the question.
After coming from Europe in the early XIX century the fashion for sea bathing originated resort where first guests were local landowners.After the War of 1812 began to arrive here by Russian officers.In the early 30-ies of the XIX century in Lielupe was opened regular ferry service.Then there was a steamship.In 1838 Kemeri were discovered mineral springs and mud, after which the city acquired the status of a resort of the Russian Empire.Active development of the transport infrastructure has affected the emergence of the resort city.
But this transport revolution made a discovery of the railway, which is still the most convenient mode of transport for the Riga coast.
area of Jurmala
«Latvia Jurmala ... ... Where to rest?" - That such a question arises in many travelers traveling here for the first time.And not for nothing, because of the city includes several areas.
- closest to the Latvian capital is the area of the Lielupe, which consists mainly of luxury villas and buildings.There are built comfortable hotels, tennis courts, bowling alley, water park and sports center.The central street of Jurmala can be reached by taxi.The journey takes approximately one hour.
- One of the quietest areas considered Jurmala Bulduri, located just behind the Lielupe.While on the beaches of this area rests more people than in Lielupe.Here like to spend many weekends Riga citizens.
- in Jurmala are the areas with the most developed tourist infrastructure - Dzintari and Majori.In these parts of the city there are many hotels, cafes and restaurants.Especially it is known for the biggest concert complex "Dzintari".In the area of Maiori passes the main street of Jurmala.
- foot of Maiori you can reach the district of Dubulti and Jaundubulti.
- Most major hotels are located away from the center of Jurmala.They are located in areas Jaunkemeri, Melluzi, Vaivari and Pumpuri.The city center runs a shuttle transport, the journey takes about 20 minutes.
If you think about where the resort of Jurmala, it immediately becomes clear that in the last decades of its ethnic composition changed dramatically.
Since 1991, the number of inhabitants is considerably reduced.This is associated with a significant reduction of the local population (and Latvian and Russian).As of July 01, 2010 in Jurmala lived 55,933 person.
indicators of the ethnic composition of the spa town do not differ from those of Latvia.More than half of the entire population are Latvians, residents of Russian nationality - 34.3%.
There also live Belarusians (3.5%), Ukrainians (2.31%), Poles (1.54%), Lithuanians (0.89%) and other nationalities (4.10%).
Climatic features Jurmala
It should be noted that Jurmala is located in a wonderful place.On the whole, the resort has a temperate maritime climate type.
Winter is warm and soft, and the short spring gives way to summer in May.The average winter temperature usually does not fall below 5 ° C cold, in summer is kept at +23 ° C.
Baltic Sea in the summer warms up to +23 ° C.Especially the water suitable for swimming in August.Most precipitation falls in the period from August to October.
From mid-May in the resort begins the bathing season, which lasts until early October.But the health resort of Jurmala conducted medical rehabilitation procedures throughout the year.
Medical and natural factors
Where is Jurmala is known, but the presence of nearby villages are known only to a few.For example, the area of Kemeri, a part of Jurmala, among indigenous people is best known for its sulfur and sulfur-salt mineral water, is formed in the gypsum deposits with the content of celestite.
used in spa treatment sulfate-calcium water with hydrogen sulfide.Kemer also found sources of sodium chloride water of medium and high salinity.In addition to the mineral water is used for the treatment and healing mud.At the bottom of the lake Kaņieris are deposits of mud sapropelic and peat mud from the field Sloka.
acquainted with the flora and fauna of Jurmala
Riga seaside beaches are considered the main pearl of Jurmala.Coast Maiori Jaunkemeri awarded the European quality mark - the EU Blue Flag.This means that the beach area meets all environmental standards of safety and livability.
The beaches are equipped with areas for sports, where international competitions in handball, football and volleyball.Here you can rent a jet ski, boat or yacht.
to Jurmala in the summer can be reached by river boat «New Way», plying from Riga.In Jurmala often go sailing regattas, competitions in motorsports and sport rowing.For tourists in the summer season are organized sightseeing tour of the city on the vehicle, as well as in protected recreational areas.
The Ķemeri National Reserve and Buldursky arboretum you can see many rare species of plants and animals, watch the beavers, birds and bats.
In the area of the Lielupe is a unique nature reserve, where there are centuries-old pine trees and giant sand dunes are one of which reaches a height of over 18 meters.It is possible to walk in the park on a specially equipped trails.Learn about the history of the resort can be in Jurmala City Museum and the Museum under the open sky, you can see the old fishermen's huts and learn about the life of the Latvian fishermen.
How to get to the resort, where the "Jurmala" - the world-famous music festival?
Just note that here you can get almost any kind of transport.The road from Riga by car takes about 25 minutes.Modern highway furnished and equipped with so that even guests of the country is unlikely to get lost on the way.Signs installed on each fork, ieall that is required from the driver - a good time to see where the Jurmala on the map, and calmly go on the road.
In the period from April to September entrance to the city for an extra charge (2 euros), while the rest of the time - for free.You can buy a pass at the entrance, taken as cash and bank cards.If paying by cash should prepare the exact amount.The pass entitles you for a day to park the car on Free Parking Jurmala.When you stop at a hotel or a sanatorium ticket to enter purchase is not necessary.
time way from Riga Station by train will be 20-25 minutes.Stop "Jurmala" in the schedule is not, so you need to buy tickets in the direction or Sloka Tukums.Where to go, prompt conductors working in all trains.They can also buy tickets, but the cost of their higher.
Getting to Jurmala from Riga's Central Station is possible by taxi, travel time - the same as on the train.
Beginning June 3 from the airport "Rīga" in the direction of Jurmala runs in both ends of a direct flight bus fare which is 2 Ls (about 3 EUR).The route in this field is valid until the end of October.
most interesting one trip to Jurmala in the summer will be a trip on the river boat "New wave".His way he starts from the Riga Castle and swims to the station Majori.All who wish for the day can enjoy the river Lielupe and the evening back to Riga.This trip takes about 2.5 hours, but during that time you can enjoy stunning views of the local scenery.
Jurmala Jurmala is considered to be "the city on the wave."It is here that takes place the famous contest of young talents "New Wave".Today, Jurmala - the most environmentally friendly city and a popular European resort Baltic.
Hallmark Riga beach is:
- beautiful beaches with golden sand Blue Flag of the EU;
- clean shallow sea;
- tall pines and beautiful scenery;
- healthy air;
- tourist service of the European standard.