What is the deepest river in Russia?

Russia is considered to be one of the water supply in the world.On the territory of the state is a huge supply of fresh water.At the same time some of the densely populated area of ​​the European part of the country's lack of water resources.Procedure for 12.4% of the territory occupied by the surface waters of the state.However, about 84% of them are concentrated in the east of the Urals.

Deep River

Russia One of the greatest water flow of the country is considered to Lena.This is not the deepest river in Russia, but is one of the most abounding in the world.Its length - 4270 km.The annual water flow at the mouth is about 15.5 thousand. M3 / s, the pool has an area of ​​2,478,000 km2 and a mean annual flow volume - about 490 km3.Another major river in Russia - the Ob.It is the fifth largest in the world.Its length - 4345 km, the drainage basin has an area of ​​2975 sq. M.km.She at the confluence of the Biya and Katun in the Altai region.In addition to the source, the water area is a typical lowland river.It is characterized by small deviations and a wide swampy valley, in some places reaching a width of more than a dozen kilometers.Abounding largest river in Europe, it is considered the Volga.Its delta has an area of ​​19 thousand sq. M.km.Volga starts from the Valdai Hills and then connects to the Caspian Sea.Cupid - the main river in the Far East.Part of the waters of the catchment area is located in the Chinese territory.It was formed at the confluence of the Amur and Argun Shilka.As the river water availability is one of the major rivers in the territory of the Russian Federation.Here, the average annual water flow of 12,800 m3.Average long-term drain volume is 403 square meters.km.Amur is navigable throughout.The most developed are rafting and water transport.What is the deepest river in Russia?It was later in the article.

deepest river in Russia

most abounding flow in the country - the Yenisei.It is not only the deepest river in Russia, but also one of the largest on the planet.The length from the source of the Bolshoi Yenisei - about 4100 km, the Small Yenisei - more than 4,200 km, from the point of convergence - more than 3480 km.Every year brings the Yenisei in the Kara Sea about 624 m3 of water.It is more than able to make up all the rivers are located in the European part of Russia.The deepest valley of the river - from aspen thresholds - 66 meters.Yenisei River is a natural border between the eastern and western parts of Siberia.The river begins in Kyzyl, at the confluence of the Big and Small Yenisei.


Yenisei rivers belong to the species of mixed, with a predominance of snow, food.For a given water area is characterized by fairly intensive formation of frazil ice.In line at selected sites can form a powerful ice.The flood usually begins in May, it is rare - in April.During spring break there are "bottlenecks".For most of the river is characterized by summer floods and prolonged spring and summer.The share of snow power accounts for just less than 50% of the total amount of rain - 40% of the underground - up to 16%.Freezing Yenisei starts in early October in the lower reaches.

Commercial use

Yenisei - it is not only the deepest river in Russia, but the main waterway in the Krasnoyarsk Territory.The main ports and marinas are cities such as Igarka Maklakovo, Turukhansk, Yeniseisk, Krasnoyarsk, Abakan, and others.Regular shipping is carried out to the mouth of the Sayanogorsk and Igarka to rise and ships.Downstream there are large hydropower plants: Krasnoyarsk, Sayano-Shusha, Mainskaya.On the river rafting is also carried out.By the end of the 19th century it was built a channel that connected the Yenisei and Ob (Ob-Yenisei Canal).